The stunning gall of Kellyanne Conway: Here are 5 of the Trump adviser’s most shocking, over-the-top moments

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American Jewish voters still despise Trump


President Trump meets with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in the Oval Office of the White House in Washington in March 2018. (Evan Vucci/AP)
Opinion writer

May 24 at 11:30 AM

The Jewish Electorate Institute’s latest poll confirms what those who closely follow the Jewish community and political opinion about Israel have long known: American Jews remain among the most anti-Trump religious groups. While the president’s support for Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s policies might endear him to evangelicals (his core base of support), it does absolutely nothing for him with American Jews. If Israel’s non-Jewish critics have a beef with our current stance toward Israel, they should take it up with right-wing evangelicals, on whom Trump is entirely dependent and who cheer his embrace of Netanyahu.

The poll tells us:

Nearly three-quarters (73 percent) of Jewish voters believe Jewish Americans are less secure than they were two years ago, 71 percent disapprove of the way President Trump has handled anti-Semitism, and nearly 60 percent believe that he bears at least some responsibility for the shootings at synagogues in Pittsburgh and Poway. Two-thirds of the Jewish electorate remains firmly aligned with the Democratic Party, and there has been no change in the percentage of Jewish voters identifying as Republicans since JEI’s October 2018 poll; it remains at 25 percent.

Finally, the results demonstrate Jewish voters’ view of President Trump and how they plan to vote in the 2020 election: 71 percent disapprove of President Trumps’ overall job performance, 70 percent view him unfavorably, 67 percent would vote for a generic Democrat over President Trump, and 65 percent would vote for Democratic candidate Joe Biden over President Trump.

For decades now, American Jews have defied the anti-Semitic stereotype of dual loyalty. Their politics is driven by cultural and moral sensibilities, not by politicians’ favoritism toward Israel. This does not mean that American Jews are indifferent to Israel. Far from it; they remain staunchly pro-Israel (about 90 percent are pro-Israel). However, like most Americans, they don’t rank foreign policy at or near the top of their concerns. In fact, for Jews, Israel ranks dead last in their list of concerns. We can speculate whether that is a function of the current Israeli government; a sense that Israel is a robust and successful nation that does not require our constant attention; a widening rift between Israel and diaspora Jewry; or whether, just as with every other group of Americans, Jewish Americans’ domestic concerns that affect their lives swamp issues related to foreign affairs.

And that is precisely why the overwhelming majority of American Jews cannot abide Trump:

Nearly three-quarters (73 percent) say Jews in the United States are less secure compared to two years ago. A majority (59 percent) think President Trump is at least partially responsible for recent targeted attacks on synagogues, and a plurality (38 percent) have concerns that President Trump is encouraging violent ultra-right extremists. A broad majority (71 percent) disapprove of President Trump’s handling of anti-Semitism, including a 54 percent majority who strongly disapprove.

Should we be surprised that the friend (Trump) of their enemy (white nationalism) is their enemy? The president denies that their enemy is even a threat and therefore earns their enmity. Trump’s replacement rhetoric (the United States is “full”), his blood-and-soil nationalism and his contempt for the rule of law strike at the heart of Jews’ worries about their safety and security in a multiethnic society. Their ancestors left places such as Russia so as not to be at the whim of anti-Semitic autocrats; the United States was supposed to be their refuge.

Moreover, given the values that are near and dear to the experiences of the Jewish community, Trump’s conduct sparks outrage, leaving him “with only 23 percent voter support, 29 percent job approval, and 26 percent favorability among Jewish voters.” Specifically, American Jews disapprove most strongly of Trump’s handling of “family separations at the Mexican border (78 percent), handling of DACA recipients (74 percent), guns (74 percent), handling of the Mueller Report (73 percent), anti-Semitism (71 percent), building of the border wall (71 percent), taxes (70 percent), Supreme Court nominations (69 percent), health care (69 percent), and banning immigration from certain Muslim-majority countries (66 percent).”

We should keep in mind several points.

First, what Trump is doing for Israel for domestic consumption is not aimed at nor impressing American Jews. It is aimed, as is everything, at securing his right-wing base, which is disproportionately white and evangelical.

Second, Israel’s long-standing strategy to maintain bipartisan support is endangered by hitching its wagon so securely to a hugely unpopular American president. To the extent that the current Israeli government is seen as paying homage (naming a town after him!) personally to Trump, it will only provoke rancor among the 65 percent of Americans (including the vast number of American Jews) who don’t approve of the president. Groups such as the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) should tread carefully, steering away from Trump adulation and maintaining their support for the United States as an “honest broker” in the Middle East.

Third, the far left’s dual loyalty and other anti-Semitic tropes (e.g. controlling the U.S. government by political money) are morally disgraceful and ludicrously misdirected at Jewish Americans. For better or worse, American Jews aren’t motivated by Israel. They are, however, greatly offended by anti-Semitism, whether it comes from the right or left, and will expect both political parties to drum out anti-Semites.

Fourth, on the topic of right-wing nationalism and its resulting violence against Jews, African Americans and Muslims, it strikes me that we should apply the same rules to evangelical leaders that they apply to Muslim leaders: Why aren’t they more forcefully rooting out violent extremists? Why don’t they police their own, set up programs to prevent radicalization and condemn language that echoes the rhetoric of violent extremists? (One can understand why Vice President Pence’s fanning of white Christian victimhood — they are mocked, he insists — is so infuriating to actual victims who are the target of hate crimes and even mass murder.)

Finally, Trump’s effort to win over Jewish voters by demonizing Democrats (who oppose his policies that most American Jews find abhorrent) is a ridiculous failure, as are the efforts of groups such as the Republican Jewish Coalition to convince American Jews that Republicans have their interests at heart. They might as well be arguing that Muslims are better served by Trump’s party.

In short, as a religious minority, perpetual immigrants in history due to widespread persecution, who deeply value civil liberties and the rule of law, American Jews could barely imagine a worse president than Trump. He offends their core values and cultivates an atmosphere that endangers them. Unfortunately for Trump and his hypnotized Republican Party, they also turn out to vote in large numbers.

Read more:

Jennifer Rubin: How to talk about Israel, and how not to

Dana Milbank: Trump’s America is not a safe place for Jews

Eugene Robinson: Trump’s rhetoric stokes hate. He never thinks of the consequences.

Infants die at higher rates in states banning abortion

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May 24, 2019, 10:10 AM UTC

By Erika Edwards

Georgia, Ohio, Missouri, Louisiana, Alabama and Mississippi have in recent weeks passed some of the most restrictive abortion policies in the nation. But they have other things in common, too.

Four of those states have also declined to expand Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act, leaving a large number of pregnant women without health care.

The most startling similarity shared by all six states, however, is this: They all tend to have the highest rates of infant mortality in the nation.

“If the mother isn’t healthy, it’s unlikely the baby will be healthy,” said Dr. Laura Riley, chair of obstetrics and gynecology at Weill Cornell Medicine and NewYork-Presbyterian.

Georgia, Ohio and Mississippi have passed so-called “heartbeat” laws prohibiting abortions after about six weeks gestation, before many women know they’re pregnant. In Missouri, a new restriction would ban ending a pregnancy after about eight weeks gestation. A similar bill is making its way through the Louisiana legislature, and that state’s governor has indicated he will sign it into law. Alabama recently passed the most stringent law, banning nearly all abortions at any time of gestation, except when a mother’s life is in jeopardy.

The intent for many anti-abortion efforts in these states is to overturn Roe v. Wade, the landmark 1973 Supreme Court decision that legalized abortion.

May 21, 201901:42

“We’re seeing these bans in states where already there are harsh barriers to reproductive health care, and where we know they have negative health care outcomes,” said Jacqueline Ayers, vice president of government relations and public policy at the Planned Parenthood Action Fund.

In fact, babies carried to term are dying in those states more frequently than in many others.

The average national infant mortality rate in 2017 was 5.8 per 1,000 live births, according to data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Missouri’s was higher at 6.2 infant deaths per 1,000 live births. Louisiana’s was at 7.1 infant deaths per 1,000 live births. Georgia and Ohio’s rates were at 7.2 deaths per 1,000 live births, and Alabama’s reached 7.4 deaths per 1,000 births.

But Mississippi had the highest infant mortality rate in the nation — at 8.6 deaths per 1,000 live births.

In addition, Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi and Missouri did not expand Medicaid under the ACA, creating gaps in health care coverage for women of childbearing age, according to a new study from Georgetown that examined links between Medicaid expansion and insurance.

“If states would expand Medicaid coverage, they would improve the health of mothers and babies and save lives.”

“The uninsured rate for women of childbearing age is nearly twice as high in states that have not expanded Medicaid,” said Adam Searing, a research professor at Georgetown University Center for Children and Families. “That means a lot more women who don’t have health coverage before they get pregnant or after they have their children,” said Searing. “If states would expand Medicaid coverage, they would improve the health of mothers and babies and save lives.”

Dr. Sarah Horvath of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists agrees.

“Comprehensive medical care gives women an awareness of healthy lifestyles before pregnancy,” Horvath told NBC News.

The connection between high infant mortality and severe restrictions on abortion are correlational, meaning a ban on abortions can’t be proven to cause maternal or infant mortality or other negative health problems. But the leading causes of newborn death — which include preterm birth, birth defects and other pregnancy complications — are closely connected to access to a pregnant woman’s prenatal health care.

In fact, the March of Dimes gave Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama all failing grades in its 2018 Premature Birth Report Cards. Georgia received a “D.”

High maternal mortality rates

The same states also have high rates of mothers dying during labor and after childbirth. About 700 women die from pregnancy-related causes every year and more than half of those deaths are preventable, according to a recent CDC report on maternal mortality.

Particularly striking is the rate of pregnant women and new mothers dying in Georgia. That state ranked 48th out of 50 in a measure of maternal mortality in the 2018 America’s Health Rankings from the United Health Foundation, with 46.2 deaths per 100,000 live births. Mississippi and Alabama’s rankings were better: at 32nd and 7th, respectively.

But Missouri and Louisiana joined Georgia near the bottom. Missouri ranked 42nd out of 50, and Louisiana was just above Georgia in the Health Rankings for maternal mortality, at 47th out of 50, with 44.8 deaths per 100,000 live births.

“You see areas of the country where access to a broad range of health care is either lacking or where great disparities exist,” said Megan Donovan, a senior policy manager at the Guttmacher Institute, a group that studies reproductive rights.

The March of Dimes report found that in Mississippi, the preterm birth rate among African American women is 44 percent higher than the rate of all other women. In Georgia, the rate is 46 percent higher than women of other races.

And in both Alabama and Louisiana, the preterm birth rate among black women is 51 percent higher.

The reasons for the disparities are complex.

“It may be that years of racism and classism adversely affects one’s health and one’s ability to accept healthcare.”

“There appears to be an influence of unconscious bias and racism. It may be that years of racism and classism adversely affects one’s health and one’s ability to accept healthcare,” said Riley.

A 2017 report from the Center for Reproductive Rights and Ibis Reproductive Health found that the more abortion constraints a state passed — like mandatory waiting periods, counseling, gestation age limits and restrictions on abortion healthcare coverage — the fewer evidence-based supportive policies it had for women and children.

According to the report, that includes expanding Medicaid, family and medical leave, as well as mandatory sex education.

On the other side, states actively passing protections for abortion and women’s reproductive rights also have some of the lowest rates of infant mortality in the country, Donovan said.

Lawmakers in Vermont recently passed a measure that would ban that state’s government from interfering in reproductive and abortion rights. And it looks as if it will become law. Vermont Gov. Phil Scott, a Republican, said he had ruled out vetoing the bill.

Vermont’s infant mortality rate is low, at 4.8 deaths per 1,000 live births, according to the CDC.

The data show New York’s infant mortality rate is even lower, at 4.6 deaths per 1,000 live births. That state passed the Reproductive Health Act earlier this year, which includes a provision permitting late-term abortions when a woman’s health is in danger.

In Massachusetts, the infant mortality rate is 3.7 per 1,000 live births. That state’s legislature is considering a bill that would expand abortion access by removing the requirement for minors to get parental consent, and allow abortions later in a pregnancy under certain conditions.

“It remains to be seen what will be successful where, but there are advocates and policymakers and states in a position to do positive things to expand and protect access,” said Donovan. “This will be all the more important as other states go in the opposite direction.”

Memorial Day program to honor Tuskegee Airman

Larry Ernest Brown Jr. was only 17 when he entered the Aviation Cadets to train as a U.S. Army Air Corps pilot in 1945 to serve in World War II and become a Tuskegee Airman.

Brown, who died at his Katy home on Feb. 15 at the age of 91, lived a life that included a number of firsts: He was the first African-American elected vice president of the Southeastern Region of the National Federation of Catholic College Students; and he was one of the first African-American cadet officers elected as flight commander while in Office Candidate School, according to a biography from Schmidt Funeral Home of Katy.

Then-President George W. Bush presented in March 2007 a Congressional Gold Medal to Brown as part of a ceremony to honor each of the Tuskegee Airmen over 60 years “after these brave and pioneering men served flying in the skies over Europe defending our country all the while fighting the battle against racial segregation.”

Brown will be honored at the May 27 Memorial Day Program organized by Katy Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 9182 at Magnolia Cemetery in Katy. The program will begin at 10 a.m. and include a presentation to Mrs. Delores Brown, his widow, of a documented original Tuskegee Airman Certificate.

After entering the Aviation Cadets, Brown logged many hours flying and learned to fly the P-51 Mustang, a premier U.S. fighter plane. He developed a lifelong passion for flying and the P-51 Mustang. As the war ended, he entered the U.S. Reserves and continued his education at Xavier University in New Orleans. Chosen at president of the student body, Brown also served as chairman of the national committee for the National Student Association.

After graduating with a bachelor of science degree from Xavier University in 1951, he entered the U.S. Air Force and was accepted for Officer’s Candidate School. His assignments include pharmacy officer at South Ruislip Air Force Base in England and medical executive officer at the Sidi Slimane AFB in Morocco. He served as administrator of several medical facilities while serving in the U.S. Air Force and rose to the rank of major in 1967. Four years later, he retired. He then served for 20 years with private health-care facilities until he retired in 1991.

His family said he loved speaking to young people in his later years. “He wanted to encourage them ‘to always do your best’ and offer a message that they could do whatever they want to do.”

The Katy VFW is assisted and supported in the Memorial Day Program by Katy American Legion Post 164 and the Katy Fire and Police departments. Magnolia Cemetery is located at 6801 Franz Road in Katy.

The program will include posting of colors and a 21-gun salute by the Katy VFW 9182 Honor Guard.

Chris Harris, at-large Katy City councilman, will be the guest speaker. Poet Laureate Hubert E. Cormier II of Katy Elks Lodge and American Legion Post 164, will recite a poem.

Following a memorial service, there will be a tolling of the bell for deceased comrades and emergency service members.

karen.zurawski@chron.com

This week’s Community Champion has a heart for helping those in low income communities

This week’s Community Champion has a heart for helping those in low income communities

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GABRIELLE: NOW TO OUR COMMUNITY CHAMPION. HIS TITLE MAY BE VICE PRESIDENT OF CCI LABS FOR RESEARCH AND PROFESSOR OF MEDICINE AT SOUTH CAROLINA SCHOOL OF MEDICINE GREENVILLE. NIGEL: BUT HIS HEART IS FOCUSED ON WORKING IN LOW INCOME COMMUNITIES, AND WITH MINORITY FAMILIES. GETTING PEOPLE HEALTHY, NOT JUST WITH MEDICINE BUT BEFORE. DOCTOR BRENT EGAN HAS DEDICATED HIS LIFE TO YOUR HEART. >> CARE FOR PEOPLE WITH HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE, CHOLESTEROL, DIABETES RISK FACTORS FOR HEART DISEASE AND STROKE. NIGEL: IT IS A STRUGGLE SO MANY FACE. >> I CERTAINLY HAVE A LOT OF CARDIO VASCULAR DISEASE IN MY FAMILY I THINK AS A PHYSICIAN WHAT I LIKE ABOUT IT IS WE HAVE A GREAT OPPORTUNITY FOR PREVENTION. NIGEL: FROM GREENVILLE DOCTOR EGAN BEGAN WORKING DIRECTLY WITH AFRICAN AMERICAN CHURCHES AND PHYSICIAN’S ACROSS THE STATE BACK IN 1999. HE HAS USED GRANT FUNDING TO HELP HEALTH CLINICS WHO WORK SPECIFICALLY WITH THE LOWER INCOME AND MINORITY COMMUNIT HE SAYS IN 1995 SOUTH CAROLINA WAS 50TH IN CARDIOVASCULAR MORTALITY TO AS HIGH AS 33 BY 2008-2009. >> NOW WE HAVE SORT OF PLATEAUED IN THAT RANGE OF 33 TO 36 IN T LAST DECADE BUT I HAVE BEEN WORKING WITH AMERICAN HEART TO LOOK AT OPPORTUNITIES WE HAVE TO IMPROVE HEALTH AND HEALTH CARE NOT ONLY FOR MINORITY COMMUNITY BUT ALL RESIDENTS OF SOUTH CAROLINA. NIGEL: TAKE THE HEART WALK FOR EXAMPLE. ITS AN EVENT THAT GETS PEOPLE UP AND MOVING. AND BRINGS AWARENESS. BUT REMEMBER NOT EVERYONE HAS THE ABILITY TO TAKE PART. IN FACT SOME CAN’T EVEN GO FOR A WALK OUT THEIR FRONT DOOR. >> LESS AFFLUENT NEIGHBORHOODS MAY BE LESS SAFE, THERE ARE FEWER AREAS FOR YOU TO GET OUT AND EXERCISE. THERE’S OFTEN CHALLENGES WITH ACCESS TO HEALTHY FOOD. GABRIELLE: BUT EGAN SAYS HE HAS LEARNED THERE IS ANOTHER IMPORTANT PIECE. >> THE OTHER THING I THINK CAN HAPPEN IN LOW INCOME COMMUNITIES IS LOST OF HOPE. NIGEL: HE SAYS THAT HOPE GOES A LONG WAY IN GIVING PEOPLE THE POWER TO GET HEALTHIER AND HAPPIE THIS WEEK’S COMMUNITY CHAMPI IS DR. BRENT EGAN FROM GREENVILLE. HE IS THE AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION’S 2019 RECIPIENT OF THE LOUIS B. RUSSELL JR. MEMORIAL AWARD. GABRIELLE: THIS IS A NATIONAL AWARD THAT WILL BE PRESENTED IN JUNE AND IS GIVEN ANNUALLY TO ONE AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION VOLUNTEER NATIONWIDE. ONCE AGAIN THAT IS WHY HE IS THIS WEEK’S COMMUNITY CHAMPI

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This week’s Community Champion has a heart for helping those in low income communities

This week’s community champion has a heart for helping communities in low income areas, Doctor Brent Egan is this week’s community champion

This week’s community champion has a heart for helping communities in low income areas, Doctor Brent Egan is this week’s community champion

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‘Conversation with the Candidate’ with Wayne Messam: Part 2

‘Conversation with the Candidate’ with Wayne Messam: Part 2

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CONVERSATION WITH THE CANDIDATE CONTINUES. ADAM WELCOME BACK, OUR CANDIDATE TODAY IS MAYOR WAYNE MESSAM OF MIRAMAR, FLORIDA. WE WILL BRING IN OUR NEW HAMPSHIRE VOTERS WITH THEIR TOWNHALL QUESTIONS. WE WILL START WITH LAURA, THANK YOU FOR JOINING US. THANK YOU, WELCOME TO SUNNY NEW HAMPSHIRE. I HAVE A BIT OF A LONG QUESTION, BUT IT DOES COME TOGETHER, I PROMISE. I’M A CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST, I WORK A LOT WITH CHILDREN AND TEENS, OFTEN FOR MILITARY FAMILIES. THESE YOUTH ARE COMING IN WITH STUNNING NUMBERS OF INTENSE ANXIETY AND ARE VERY CONCERNED, THEY ARE WORRIED ABOUT THEIR SAFETY, THEIR FAMILY MEMBER WHO MIGHT BE DEPLOYED, THEY ARE GUILTY ABOUT WHO TO BE MORE WORRIE ABOUT. IT’S VERY STUNNING. I GREW UP IN PITTSBURGH, LITERALLY AND MR ROGERS’ NEIGHBORHOOD. WHEN I WAS UNDER HOUSTON LITERALLY SAY TO US, AS HE SAID TO THE NATION, IN SCARY TIMES, LOOK TO THE HELPERS. AS PRESIDENT HE WOULD BE THE CHIEF HELPER, WH MESSAGE — HE WOULD BE THE CHIEF HELPER, WHAT MESSAGE WOULD YOU GIVE TO THE YOUTH, PARENTS, TO FEEL MORE SAFE? ESPECIALLY CHILDREN? MAYOR WAYN AS THE COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF AND THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNIT STATES, OUR JOB IS TO KEEP THIS NATION SAFE. THE NATIONS LOOKING FOR A LEADER WHO STEADY, WHO CAN DEAL WITH CRISES. BUT TO YOUR QUESTION, IT’S IMPORTANT FOR THE PRESIDENTS TO GIVE THAT REASSURANCE, TO MAKE SURE THOSE RESOURCES ARE AVAILABLE. IT’S MORE THAN SAYING YOU ARE SAFE, IT’S PROVIDING THE RESOURCES AND TO LET THEM KNOW THAT IN LIFE, THERE WILL BE CHALLENGES. LIKE WE ARE FACING TODAY. I THINK IT’S IMPORTANT FOR THE PRESIDENT NOT BECAUSE MANY OF THESE CHALLENGES, ESPECIALLY CHILDREN WHOSE PARENTS ARE IN TH MILITARY, TO NOT MAKE UNNECESSARY PROVOCATIONS, TO MA STABILITY THE NORM — TO MAKE INSTABILITY THE NORM, WHICH WE HAVE SEEN FROM THIS ADMINISTRATION. THE MESS O ADMINISTRATION — THE MESSAM ADMINISTRATION WILL ENSURE THAT WE ARE KEEPING THE COUNTRY SAFE, BUT OUR SUPPORTERS IN TERMS OF THE FIRST LINE OF DEFENSE, THE MILITARY, KNOWS THEY HAVE THE RESOURCES BUT TO ASSURE THEM THAT THEY HAVE THE RESOURCES HERE AT HOME, TO ENSURE THAT THEY HAD T RESOURCES TO DEAL WITH ANY CHALLENGES AS THEY ARE CONCERNED ABOUT THEIR LOVED ONES WHO ARE KEEPING US SAFE. THANK YOU, THANK YOU VERY MUCH. ADAM: THANK YOU, THE NEXT QUESTION COMES FROM NANCY KING. WELCOME TO NEW HAMPSHIRE AND THANK YOU FOR BEING IN WARM WEATHER WITH YOU. ONE THING I’M CONCERNED ABOUT IS THE CONVERSATION IN THE COUNTRY, THERE’S A LOT OF DIVISION AMONG PEOPLE. IT’S LIKE PEOPLE CANNOT TALK TO SOMEONE ELSE WITHO GIVING SOME KIND OF ROTTEN ANSWER TO PEOPLE. I’M WONDERING WHAT YOU CAN DO TO BRING OUR COUNTRY BA TOGETHER, SO WE CAN HAVE SOME KIND OF CIVILITY? MAYOR WAYN THAT’S ONE OF THE BENEFITS I HAVE OF BEING THE MAYOR OF PERHAPS ONE OF THE COUNTRY BOSS MOST DIVERSE — COUNTRY’S MOST DIVERSE COMMUNITY IN MIRAMAR, FLORIDA. I WAS THE FIRST AFRICAN-AMERICAN MAYOR ELECTED BACK IN 2015. WHEN YOU HAVE A CULTURALLY DIVERSE COMMUNITY IT’S IMPORTANT TO KNOW THAT YOU ARE THE LEADER OF ALL OF THE COMMUNITY. YOU HAVE TO MAKE SURE THAT PEOPLE IN YOUR COMMUNITY UNDERSTAND THAT THERE IS NOTHING WRONG WITH US BEING DIFFERENT. CAN EMBRACE OUR DIFFERENCES, BECAUSE THERE IS STRENGTH IN DIVERSITY, AND AS THE COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, UNLIKE WHAT IS COMING OUT OF WASHINGTON RIGHT NOW WHERE THIS CURRENT PRESIDENT IS DIVIDING US, PUTTING AMERICANS VERSUS AMERICANS, THE MESSAM ADMINISTRATION WILL NOT ONLY UNITE TH COUNTRY, THAT CELEBRATE OUR DIFFERENCES AND LET EVERYONE KNOW THAT IN AMERICA WE ARE A NATION MADE UP OF IMMIGRANTS, NATURALLY BORN INDIVIDUALS HERE WHO HELPED BUILD THIS COUNTRY AND IT’S OK FOR US TO BE DIFFERENT BECAUSE WE ARE STRONGER FOR IT. >> THANK YOU VERY MUCH. ADAM THE NEXT QUESTION COMES FROM JUDITH GESSNER. >> I AM JUDY GESSNER AND I’M INTERESTED IN HOW YOU WOULD MAKE PRESCRIPTIONS MORE AFFORDABLE FOR EVERYONE? MAYOR WAYNE: ONE OF MY FIRST JOBS AFTER MY NFL CAREER WAS CUT SHORT, IT WAS WORKING IN AN INDUSTRY THAT HELP EDUCATE PHYSICIANS ON HOW TO TREAT MORBID CONDITIONS. MOST OF THE TIME IT WAS THE ADVOCACY FOR PRESCRIPTION MEDICATION. I SLOWLY SAW THAT THAT INDUSTRY WAS NOT THE INDUSTRY F ME, BECAUSE WHEN YOU SAY SO MANY SENIORS AND INDIVIDUALS THAT COULD NOT ACCESS MEDICINES THAT COULD IMPROVE THEIR MORBID CONDITION, OR PERHAPS EVEN SAVE THEIR LIVES, I DECIDED TO START MY OWN BUSINESS. I WANT THE GOVERNMENT TO BE ABLE TO NEGOTIATE PRESCRIPTION MEDICINES, ESPECIALLY THROUGH OUR MEDICARE PROGR, SO PRESCRIPTION MEDICINES CAN BE MO ACCESSIBLE TO INDIVIDUALS THAT NEEDED SO MUCH. MY PARENTS HAVE PASSED ON, THEY HAD THEIR OWN DOUBTS WITH MORBID CONDITIONS, AND TO SEE THEM HAVE TO MAKE THOSE HAR DECISIONS, THOSE FINANCIAL DECISIONS, D I PAY FOR MY FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS ? OR FOR MY PRESCRIPTION MEDICATION? AND I THINK ACCESS NOT ONL TO HEALTH CARE, BUT PRESCRIPTION MEDICATION IS I THINK A CIVIL RIGHT. AND WE COME IS MOST POWERFUL COUNTRY, I THINK EVERYONE SHOULD HAVE ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE AND TO THE MEDICATIONS THAT CAN IMPROVE THEIR CONDITIONS. >> THANK YOU VERY MUCH. ADAM THE NEXT QUESTION COMES FROM SOCIAL MEDIA, ADRIAN ASKS, WHAT A YOUR THOUGHTS ON VETERANS HEALTH AND HOMELESS VETERANS? MAYOR WAYNE: I HAVE MEMBERS IN MY FAMILY WHO ARE VETERANS, MOST CANDIDATES MAY SAY I’M GOING TO COME IN HERE AND FIX THE V.A.. THAT’S WHAT’S EXPECTED FROM MOST CANDIDATES. MY COMMITMENT IS TO COME IN TO SEE WHAT’S WRONG. THOSE WHO LOSE THEIR LIVES, WHO LOSE LIMBS, WHO GO TO FIGHT TO KEEP US SAFE FROM HARM, TO COME BACK HOME AND NOT HAVE ACCESS TO THE HEAL CARE AND THE SUPPORT THEY NEED TO DEAL WITH THE TRAUMA O BEING IN AN ACTIVE WAR ZONE, TO KEEP US SAFE, IS A TRAVESTY. I COMMITMENT AS PRESIDENT I TO MAKE SURE WE FIRST IDENTIFY WHERE THE BOTTO IS? WE IDENTIFY ON THE ISSUES, THERE ARE SO MANY VETERANS WHO COME HOME WHO COMMIT SUICIDE, WHO ARE HOMELESS, AND THIS SOCIETY HAS NOT EMBRACED AND WELCOMED THEM BACK. THE MESS O ADMINISTRATION — THE MESSAM ADMINISTRATION WOULD MAKE SURE THAT THEIR HEALTH CARE IS TAKEN CARE OF, AND THAT THEY WOULD HAVE AN OPPORTUNITY TO INTEGRATE BACK INTO SOCIETY, AND THAT THEIR FAMILIES HA THE RESOURCES TO IDENTIFY IF THERE’S A PROBLEM SO THAT WE CAN GET OUR VETERANS THE HEALTH AND SUPPORT THEY NEED. THE LEAST WE CAN DO IS ENSURE THAT OUR VETERANS ARE TAKEN CARE OF WHEN THEY COME BACK HOM. BECAUSE THEY ARE THE ONES THAT ARE PROVIDING US THE LIBERTY, SO WE CAN BE HERE TO LIVE THE LIVES THAT WE LIVE HERE IN AMERICA. ADAM: A QUICK FOLLOW-UP, YOU’RE THE OWNER OF A BUSINESS, WHAT DO YOU THINK NEEDS TO CHANGE FROM A MANAGEMENT PERSPECTIVE OF THE V.A., WE HAVE KNOWN ABOUT THESE PROBLEMS AND THERE WAS A HUGE CRISIS IN 2014 WITH VETERANS DYING IN ARIZONA. WHAT NEEDS TO CHANGE AT THE V.A. SPECIFICALLY? MAYOR WAYNE: WHENEVER YOU HAVE A LARGE ENTITY, THERE’S A LOT OF BO CHECKING, PROTOCOL, BUREAUCRACY. IF THI SCENARIO IS NOT MET, THAN THIS PROCESS CANNO TAKE PLACE. WHEN I SAID MY PRIORITY IS TO GO IN AND UNDERSTAND WHERE THE BOTTLENECK ARE, THAT WE ELIMINATE IS CHALLENGES. AS A MAYOR AND A BUSINESS OWNER, MY FOCUS IS SOLVING PROBLEMS. AND MY ADMINISTRATION WOULD BE FOCUSED ON SOLVING THE PROBLEM, AS OPPOSED TO SOLVING THE ISSUE OR THE PROCESS OF CHECKING THE BOX TO CLEAR A PARTICULAR BENEFI, OR TO CLEAR THE ACCESS TO A PROCESS. THAT IS THE BENEFIT OF BEING CLOSE TO THE PEOPLE AS A MAYOR, AND ALSO THE BENEFIT OF OWNING MY OWN BUSINESS. I HAVE TO MAKE A PAYROLL AND MAKE TOUGH DECISIONS, THAT’S WHAT A PRESIDENT HAS TO DO. I THINK IT STARTS FROM THE TOP, AND WHEN YOUR CAMDEN UNDERSTANDS THAT WE ARE HERE TO SOLVE THE PROBLEMS — WHEN YOUR CABINET UNDERSTANDS THAT WE ARE HERE TO SOLVE THE PROBLEMS OF THE V.A., WE WILL DO THAT. BECAUSE OUR VETERANS MUST BE TAKEN CARE OF. NOT ONLY IN THIS ADMINISTRATION BUT PREVIOUS ADMINISTRATION. WE COULD HAVE SERVED AND DONE BETTER AND DONE RIGHT FOR OUR VETERANS. ADAM: THE NEXT QUESTION COMES FROM K OF LACONIA. SERVICE MEMBERS ARE MORE PRONE TO ARTHRITIS FROM BASIC TRAINING TO COMBAT ACTIVITIES THAT WEAKEN AND DESTROY JOINTS. — DESTROY JOINTS AT AN EARLY AGE. ONE IN THREE VETERANS HAS ARTHRITIS, WOULD Y SUPPORT A DEDICATED ARTHRITIS RESEARCH AT TH DOD WHICH WOULD BENEF 5 MILLION AMERICANS WITH ARTHRITIS? MAYOR WAYNE: I THINK W SHOULD EVALUATE ALL TYPES OF MORBID CONDITIONS THAT CAUSE CHRONIC ISSUES WE SHOULD RELY ON OUR SPECIALISTS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TO SEE N ONLY FOR ARTHRITIS, BUT WHAT OTHER MORBID CONDITIONS THAT WE NEED TO PROVIDE THE RESOURCES FOR. BEING A FORMER ATHLETE AND I KNOW THAT THE ISN’T A COMPARISON BETWEEN BEING A FOOTBALL PLAYER AND BEING MEMBER THE MILITARY, BUT THE STRENUOUS CONDITIONS OF PRACTICING EVERY DAY AND THE DEGRADATION OF THE JOINTS, I CAN APPRECIATE THESE CHALLENGES. THOSE INDIVIDUALS WHO WORK IN A FACTORY, OR WHO DO VERY INTENSE LABOR THAT’S REPETITIVE AND CAUSES THESE PROBLEMS, I CAN UNDERSTAND THOSE INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE CURRENTLY PERFORMING THEIR WORK IN OUR MILITARY AND THEY HAVE TO ENDURE THIS PAIN, AS WELL AS AFTER THEY HAVE SERVED OUR COUNTRY AND HAVE RETIRED AND HAVE THESE LINGERING ISSUES BECAUSE OF THEIR SERVICE A THEIR WORK. WE OWE IT TO OUR MILITARY PERSONNEL AN VETERANS TO ENSURE THAT WE DON’T FORGET THEM. IT’S MORE THAN BEING ACTIVE DUTY, THEIR LIVES CONTINUE. WE HAVE TO LOOK AT WAYS TO SEE NOT ONLY HOW WE CAN PREVENT THES ISSUES, BUT ONCE THEY HAVE STOPPED SERVING THE MILITARY THAT WE CAN ENSURE THEY HAVE THE BENEFITS ON THE TREATMENT TO HELP THEM CONTINUE TO HAVE A GREAT QUALITY OF LIFE. ADAM: NEXT UP IS CLAIRE. >> GOOD MORNING MR. MAYOR. UNCONCERNED ABOUT SOCIAL SECURITY. IT’S BEEN PREDICTED TO RUN INT PROBLEMS BY 2035. DO YOU HAVE ANY PROPOSALS TO SOLVE THAT CRISIS BEFORE IT HAPPENS? MAYOR WAYNE: OBVIOUSLY THE SOCIAL NET OF SOCIAL SECURITY SHOULD BE THERE FOR THOSE WHO HAVE PAID INTO THE SYSTEM. AND I THINK IT’ ANOTHER REASON WHY WE SAY THAT WASHINGTON IS BROKEN. WE DON’T HAVE THE POLITICAL WILL TO SOLVE THIS ISSUE. EVERYONE BACKS INTO THEIR CORNER WASHINGTON, SOME SAY WE SHOULD PRIVATIZE ON THE INVESTMENTS OF SOCIAL SECURITY. OTHERS SAY WE SHOULD KEEP IT AS IS. BUT WHAT WE DO KNOW IS THAT OF COURSE WE ARE ON RIGHT NOW IS UNSUSTAINABLE. WE HAVE TO HAVE THE POLITIC WILL TO SOLVE THIS ISSUE, BECAUSE THE LAST THING WE WANT IS FOR MY THREE CHILDREN, WHO ARE IN COLLEGE NOW, WHEN THEY GRADUATE, THANK GOD, THAT THEY GO ON TO LIVE THEI LIVES. PAY INTO THE SYSTEM. AND WHEN THEY BECOME SENIORS THEY CAN BENEFIT ON IT. I AM LOOKING FORWARD TO RELEASING OU PROPOSAL THAT WILL LOOK AT NOT ONLY HOW WE WILL PROTECT AND PROP UP THIS VERY FRAGILE SYSTEM, BUT TO MAKE SURE THAT WE MAKE THE PROPER INVESTMENTS AND HAVE THE POP — THE PROPER POLICIES IN PLACE TO ENSURE SUSTAINABILITY FOR WHEN YOUR GRANDCHILDREN AND YOUR DESCENDENTS YET TO BE BORN CAN BE — CAN ACCESS THE SOCIAL NET. THANK YOU FOR RECOGNIZING THAT WE PAY INTO THE SYSTEM, IT’S NOT AN ENTITLEMENT. THANK YOU. ADAM: AND SOCIAL MEDIA QUESTION, THIS FROM ELIZA. WILL THIS BE ANOTHER DEMOCRAT WHO VOTE TO TAKE VACCINE EXEMPTIONS AWAY FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE? MAYOR WAYNE: IF I UNDERSTAND THE QUESTION PROPERLY IN TERMS OF SHOULD WE OR SHOULD WE NOT HAVE OUR KIDS VACCINATED, AN I THINK THE LATEST REPORTS IN TERMS OF THE RESURGENCE OF MEASLES SHOWS THE IMPORTANCE OF VACCINATIONS. I HAVE ALWAYS BEEN A STRAIGHT SHOOTER. I THINK WHEN A COUNTRY SAYS WE HA ERADICATED A PARTICULAR DISEASE BECAUSE OF THE SUCCESS OF VACCINATIONS, AND THERE’S A PUSH TO NOT VACCINATE OUR POPULATION AND OUR SOCIETY AND WE SEE THE RESURGENCE OF THE DISEASE WHICH WAS THOUGHT TO BE ERADICATED, IT SHOWS THE THREAT AND THE DANGERS OF THIS. I THINK FROM A PUBLIC SAFETY STANDPOINT, WE HAVE TO RELY ON SCIENCE, AND ON THE DATA THAT IS IN OUR NATION’S BEST INTEREST TO ENSURE THAT EVERY INDIVIDUAL IS VACCINATED. OTHERWISE WE THREATEN OU SOCIETY. I WOULD BE IN A POSITION TO OBVIOUSLY — I SUPPORT INDIVIDUALS TAKI THOSE INTIMATE MEDICAL DECISIONS BETWEEN THEMSELVES AND THEIR HEALTH CAR PROFESSIONAL, BUT COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF AND PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, WE HAVE TO RELY ON TH CDC RECOMMENDATIONS IN TERMS OF HOW DO W PREVENT THIS MASSIVE SPREAD OF DISEASES THAT A DEBILITATING, AND HAVE THE POSSIBILITY TO BE AN EPIDEMIC. THAT’S WHY WE HAVE VACCINATIONS, TO PROTECT SOCIETY. WE CANNOT PUT ALL OF SOCIETY AT RISK FOR A SINGL INDIVIDUAL WHO MAY, FOR WHATEVER REASON, MAKE THAT PERSONAL DECISION NOT TO VACCINATE THEIR CHILD. ADAM: THE NEXT QUESTION COMES FROM LEONA MORAL. >> THANK YOU FOR BEING HERE, AND YOU CAN KEEP THE HOT WEATHER IN FLORIDA. MY QUESTION IS –, THIS IS SOME THING ANY CITY FOCUS ON. MAYOR WAYN I THINK IT’S THE PHILOSOPHICAL POSITION OF RESTORING AMERICA’S REPUTATION OF BEING AN HONEST BROKER ABROAD. I THINK THAT’S THE SINGLE MOST IMPORTANT ISSUE RIGHT NOW. THE CURRENT PRESIDENT HAS TAKEN AN ISOLATIONIST POSITION, HE HAS MADE PROVOCATIONS AND HAS CREATED INSTABILITY. RIGHT NOW WE HAVE ESCALATION OF CONFLICT WITH A RAN — IRAN, AND ISSUE THIS PRESIDENT’S OWN MAKING. ONE OF THE FIRST THINGS I DID WHEN I ANNOUNCED MY EXPLORATORY COMMITTEE WAS TO TAKE A TRIP TO THE MIDDLE EAST. I WENT ISRAEL, I VISITED TEL AVIV JERUSALEM, AN RAMALLAH. IT WAS AN INDEPENDENT TRAMP, NOT SUPPORTED BY ANY INTEREST GROUP. I MET WITH THE MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS, THE DEPUTY MINISTER AND THE DEPUTY SEEK — SPEAKER OF THE KNESSET. I MET WITH THE FAR RIGHT AND LEFT OF THE ISRAELI GOVERNMENT. THE NEXT WENT TO RAMALLAH AND MET WITH DR. CITE OF ARAFAT — AND MET WITH THE DTOR WHO BROKERED THE SITE YOU TO COURT. –SIAD ACCORD. THEY SAY THAT THIS ADMINISTRATION HAS NOT TAKEN THE PROPER STEPS TO BRING THE TWO PARTIES TOGETHER. WHAT WE ARE SEEING IS A CHOOSING OF SIDES, PUTTING A THUMB ON THE SCALE. WHAT WE DO KNOW IS THAT WHETHER YOU AGR WITH THE U.S. EMBASSY BEING MOVED TO JERUSALEM OR NOT, ALL WE KNOW IS THAT THESE DECISIONS ARE MAKING IT MORE DIFFICULT F THE TWO SIDES TO HAVE A TWO STATE SOLUTION WHICH THEY BOTH AGREED TO. ISRAEL IS A VERY IMPORTANT AND STRATEGIC ALLY FOR US IN THE REGION. HOWEVE WHAT WE HAVE TO DO, AS AN HONEST BROKER, IS TO HOLD BOTH SIDES ACCOUNTABLE. WRING THEM TOGETHER SO THEY CAN NEGOTIATE THEIR TWO STATE SOLUTION. BECAUSE WHAT WE DO KNOW IS THAT A STABLE ISRAEL, AND A SOLUTION FOR THE PALESTINIAN PEOPLE, MAKES THE REGI SAFER, AS WELL AS US NOT PICKING AND CHOOSING OUR BATTLES AND BEIN CONSISTENT , SO THE WORLD CAN SEE AMERICA AS THE HONES BROKER. AS PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, THAT WILL BE MY GUIDING COMPASS, THAT WE ARE MAKING DECISIONS AS AN HONEST BROKER. ADAM: WE HAVE ABOUT 30 SECONDS, THE FIRST PHONE CALL. IF YOU ARE IN THE OVA OFFICE, HOOSIER FIRST INTERNATIONAL LEADER CALL? MAYOR WAYNE: IT WILL NOT BE MR. PUTTING, — PUTIN I CAN SAY THAT MUCH. BUT THE FIRS CALL I WILL MAKE WILL BE TO GET MY CABINET TOGETHER, MY SECRETARY OF STATE TOGETHER, SO WE CAN IDENTIFY THE MOST PRESSING ISSUES INTERNATIONALLY AND PRIORITIZE THEM. BECAUSE THERE ARE MANY. WE HAVE MANY FRONTS. AND FROM THERE WE CA DECIDE OUR NEXT STEPS AND TO THAT INITIAL CALL WILL GO TO. ADAM MAYOR AND THEN, THANK YOU FOR JOINING US, THAT FINISHES OUR PORTION ON TV. YOU CAN JOIN US ONLINE AND/OR MOBILE APP. NEXT WEEK YOU CAN CATCH SENATOR BERNIE SANDERS HERE AS WELL.

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‘Conversation with the Candidate’ with Wayne Messam: Part 2

Democratic presidential candidate Wayne Messam joins Adam Sexton for the latest installment of the “Conversation with the Candidate” series. In this portion, see a more traditional town-hall style format where the voters primarily ask questions of the candidate.

Democratic presidential candidate Wayne Messam joins Adam Sexton for the latest installment of the “Conversation with the Candidate” series. In this portion, see a more traditional town-hall style format where the voters primarily ask questions of the candidate.

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‘Conversation with the Candidate’ with Wayne Messam: Online exclusive

‘Conversation with the Candidate’ with Wayne Messam: Online exclusive

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>> CONVERSATION WITH THE CANDIDATE CONTINUES. ADAM: THANK YOU FOR CLICKING ON OUR EXTENDED DISCUSSION. WE ARE GOING TO CONTINUE WITH QUESTIONS FROM NEW HAMPSHIRE VOTERS AND WE WILL START OFF WITH BENJAMIN. >> WELCOME TO NEW HAMPSHIRE, DO YOU BELIEVE IN UNIVERSAL BACKGROUND CHECKS FOR PEOPLE PURCHASING GUNS, IF SO, HOW WILL YOU GET YOUR PAP — PLAN PAST NRA SUPPORTERS IN CONGRESS? MAYOR WAYNE: THAT’S A GREAT QUESTION. WHAT WE DO KNOW IS THAT THE CLIMATE WE ARE SEEING IN THIS COUNTRY RIGHT NOW IN TERMS OF GUN VIOLENCE IN MASS SHOOTINGS, — AND MASS SHOOTINGS AND THE ACCESS TO GUNS AND THE TRAVESTY ACROSS THE COUNTRY IS THAT WE CANNOT, AS A NATION, EXCEPT THIS IS THE NEW NORM. THERE IS SOME LOW HANGING FRUIT WE CAN DO AND ONE THAT YOU MENTION IS UNIVERSAL BACKGROUND CHECKS. I DO SUPPORT THAT AND AGREE WITH THAT BECAUSE I BELIEVE THAT THOSE INDIVIDUALS WHO SHOULD NOT HAVE A GUN SHOULD NOT HAVE THEM. IF YOU ARE ON A TERROR WATCH LIST, HAVE CERTAIN MENTAL HEALTH CARE CONDITIONS, THAT COULD DISQUALIFY YOU FROM BEING A COMPETENT GUN OWNER, I THINK YOU SHOULD NOT HAVE THEM. AND THERE ARE SIGNS THAT CAN HELP US DETECT THESE INDIVIDUALS . BY IMPLEMENTING THAT, — THAT SHOULD BE THE DIRECTION WE SHOULD GO. AND I THINK IN TERMS OF HOW WE GET THIS PASSED A CONGRESS THAT’S INFLUENCED BY THE NRA, I CAN TELL YOU WHAT I’M DOING IN THE CITY OF MIRAMAR, FLORIDA. THERE ARE PREEMPTION LAWS WERE LOCAL MAYORS CANNOT PASS ANY ORDINANCES DEALING WITH THE REGULATION OF FIREARMS OR AMMUNITION. IN FACT, THE HONORE BACKED LEGISLATURE — NRA BACKED LEGISLATURE PUT A CHILLING PENALTY PROVISION IN OUR STATUTE, THAT EVEN IF WE PASS THESE LAWS AT A LOCAL LEVEL, FOR EXAMPLE THAT WE DON’T WANT TO HAVE ASSAULT STYLE WEAPONS AT PARKS, THE GOVERNMENT CAN REMOVE ME FROM OFFICE, PERSONALLY FIND THE $5,000 AND I CANNOT USE THE CITY ATTORNEY TO DEFEND ME. IT’S THAT KIND OF CHILLING EFFECT. SO I’M SUING THE STATE OF FLORIDA RIGHT NOW, AND OTHER CITIES HAVE JOINED IN, SO WE CAN MOVE THAT PUNITIVE DAMAGE, BECAUSE OF THE AMBIGUITY OF THAT STATE STATUTE. WE DON’T EVEN TALK ABOUT IT AT THE LOCAL LEVEL IN FEAR THAT WE COULD BE REMOVED FROM OFFICE. AND THAT’S A SHAME. I REFUSE TO ACCEPT THAT. AS PRESIDENT I WILL REFUSE TO HAVE AN ADMINISTRATION THAT WILL BOW DOWN TO THE NRA, AND THOSE CONGRESS WOMEN AND MEN WHO WILL NOT STAND UP TO THE NRA PEOPLE — NRA. AND GO TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, WHO MUST HOLD CONGRESS ACCOUNTABLE, ALONG WITH THE SUPPORT OF PRESIDENCY THAT WILL SIGN A BILL TO ERADICATE THIS DANGER. I’M A SUPPORTER OF THE SECOND AMENDMENT, I BELIEVE WE SHOULD ALL HAVE THE RIGHT TO BEAR ARMS, BUT I THINK WE SHOULD BEAR THE RESPONSIBLY. IF WE THINK THE GUNS OUT OF THE HANDS OF THOSE INDIVIDUALS WHO SHOULD NOT HAVE THEM, PERHAPS WE WILL NOT SEE AN INCIDENT LIKE PARKLAND, WHICH TOOK PLACE 15 MINUTES AWAY FROM THE CITY OF MIRAMAR, WHERE I AM THE MAYOR. AND WE SEND POLICE OFFICERS TO RESPOND TO THAT INCIDENT. I’M NOT SPEAKING RHETORIC, I’M SPEAKING WHAT I’M LIVING. I HAVE THE EXPERIENCE AND I’M GOING THROUGH LITIGATION RIGHT NOW. HE WILL BE THAT SAME TURNOUT — TENACITY THAT I WILL BRING TO THE OVAL OFFICE. ADAM: A QUICK FOLLOW-UP ON THIS TOPIC. WE KNOW THAT THERE WILL PROBABLY BE DEMOCRATS WHO ARE ABLE TO PASS SOMETHING, AND THERE COULD BE CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE AROUND THIS ISSUE FROM THOSE SUPPORTING THE SECOND AMENDMENT, AND THAT WOULD INVOLVE GUNS. WHAT WOULD BE YOUR APPROACH AS PRESIDENT IF YOU WERE ABLE TO PASS CERTAIN GUN-CONTROL MEASURES BUT CERTAIN PEOPLE DON’T WANT TO ABIDE BY THEM, WHAT IS THE RESPONSE? MAYOR WAYNE: LET’S TAKE A LOOK AT WHAT WOULD BE PASSED. BRINGING BACK THE PROVISIONS OF THE BRADY BILL THAT STOPS CERTAIN TYPES OF GUNS FROM BEING IMPORTED OR MANUFACTURED, LIKE ASSAULT STYLE WEAPONS. THAT’S A MATTER OF WHAT’S BEING PRODUCED AND SOLD. THERE SHOULD NOT BE AN OUTCRY FOR THAT. WE TALK ABOUT UNIVERSAL BACKGROUND CHECKS FOR INDIVIDUALS WHO WOULD SEEK TO PURCHASE A FIREARM, WHO EITHER DO NOT HAVE THE MENTAL CAPACITY OR HAVE COMMITTED CERTAIN CRIMES , OR ARE ON A TERROR WATCH LIST. THIS IS TO PREVENT THEM, AND I THINK WE HAVE TO BE CLEAR IN TERMS OF WHAT IS THE LEGISLATION BEING PASSED. I THINK THE AMERICAN PEOPLE ARE SMART ENOUGH TO REALIZE THE EFFORTS TO STOP THOSE WHO SHOULD NOT HAVE GUNS TO HAVE GUNS, VERSUS COMING TO MARY AND JOE’S RESIDENTS TO TAKE YOUR HANDGUN AWAY, THAT WILL NOT BE THE CASE. AND THAT IS NOT WHAT I WOULD EVER ADVOCATE. I THINK WE HAVE TO BE CLEAR IN TERMS OF WHAT ANTI-GUN LEGISLATION WOULD BE PASSED, SO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE CAN BE VERY CLEAR THAT IT’S NOT TAKING THEIR GUNS. IT’S LIMITING ACCESS TO GUNS THAT HAVE BEEN DESIGNED AND MANUFACTURED JUST TO ANNIHILATE LIFE, AND NOT TO HUNT OR PERHAPS EVEN PROTECT. ADAM: THANK YOU, THE NEXT QUESTION COMES FROM MARIE. >> HELLO, WELCOME TO NEW HAMPSHIRE. YOU SPOKE ABOUT THIS A LITTLE BIT BEFORE AND I’M GOING TO ASK IT AGAIN IN CASE YOU HAVE ANYTHING ELSE TO ADD. WE HAVE NEARLY TWO DOZEN CANDIDATES RIGHT NOW RUNNING, AND HOW YOU POSITION YOURSELF SO YOU WILL STAND OUT IN THIS CROWD. >> I PRESENT MYSELF AS A UNIQUE CANDIDATE. I AM ONE OF ONLY A FEW MAYORS RUNNING OUTSIDE OF WASHINGTON. WE TALK ABOUT A CROWDED FIELD, I THINK VOTERS ARE LOOKING FOR SOMEONE WHO THEY FEEL IS AUTHENTIC, AND SOMEONE WHO HAS THE EXPERIENCE OF WHO THEY CAN SEE AS PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. ONE THING I WILL SAY IS THAT I HAVE ALWAYS BEEN AN UNDERDOG. BEING THE SON OF IMMIGRANTS, MY FAMILY CAME FROM JAMAICA. MY MOTHER WAS A COOK FOR USE TO INTO THE FIELDS TO FEED THE WOODCUTTER’S, LIKE MY FATHER. I NEVER EXPECTED TO GO TO THE UNIVERSITY, LET ALONE WIN A NATIONAL CHAMPIONSHIP AND PLAY FOR BOBBY BOUTIN. TO BE THE FIRST BLACK MAYOR OF A VERY DIVERSE CITY, ONE OF THE LARGEST IN THE STATE OF FLORIDA, AND TO EVEN BE CONTEMPLATED AS PRESIDENT. I’VE BEEN AN UNDERDOG ALL MY LIFE. I HAVE BEEN A DARK HORSE ALL MY LIFE. STANDING OUT IS SOMETHING THAT I’VE ALWAYS BEEN SUCCESSFUL AT. WHAT I WOULD ASK NEW HAMPSHIRE VOTERS TO DO WAS TO VISIT MY WEBSITE AT WAYNE4USA.COM, BECAUSE I BELIEVE I CAN BRING VERY DIFFERENT RESPONSES TO THE QUESTIONS THAT YOU ARE ASKING, AND I CAN RELATE THEM TO THE EXPERIENCES THAT I’VE DONE IN THE CITY OF MIRAMAR. ADAM: WE HAVE A FOLLOW-UP FOR THIS ONE. WE HAVE SEEN MAYOR PETE BUTTIGIEG HAVE THIS METEORIC RISE, SOME PEOPLE SEE YOU HAVING LESS ATTENTION, AS AN ISSUE OF RACE. DO YOU SEE ANY RACIAL BIAS IN THIS DISCUSSION? >> I WILL LET THE PENDANTS ANSWER THAT QUESTION. WHAT I WILL STASH PU — PUNDITS ANSWER THAT QUESTION. ALL I’M SAYING IS GIVE ME MY FAIR SHARE OF EXPOSURE. IF I HAVE THE ABILITY TO HAVE A CNN TOWN HALL, WHERE MILLIONS OF AMERICANS CAN UNDERSTAND AND HAVE A GLIMPSE AT THE LIFE OF WAYNE MESSAM AND MY POLICY PROPOSALS, LIKE FORGIVING OUTSTANDING STUDENT LOAN DEBT, PERHAPS THERE IS A CERTAIN PERCENTAGE OF THOSE MILLIONS WHO WOULD SUPPORT ME. AND THEN I WOULD GET INVITED TO SOME OF THE OTHER PLACES WHERE MAYOR PETE HAS BEEN INVITED. I THINK IT’S A MATTER OF EXPOSURE. GIVE ME MY FAIR SHARE OF EXPOSURE, AND I THINK ENOUGH AMERICANS WILL SUPPORT ME TO GET TO THE POINT TO PERHAPS EVEN SURPASS MAYOR PETE. I HAVE NOTHING AGAINST MY COLLEAGUE, I THINK WHAT WE ALL BRING TO THE TABLE IS A UNIQUE LIFE EXPERIENCE, DEFINITELY NOT A TRADITIONAL PERSON WHO SHOULD BE CONSIDERED PRESIDENT FOR THE UNITED STATES. AND I THINK WHAT AMERICANS WILL SEE AS THEY SEE UNIQUE CANDIDATES LIKE US IS THAT THERE ARE VIABLE OPTIONS THAT ARE FROM OUTSIDE OF WASHINGTON, THAT WILL WORK HARD TO SOLVE THE CHALLENGES AND NEEDS OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE. ADAM: THE NEXT QUESTION COMES FROM JOAN WENTWORTH. >> GOOD EVENING, A FORMAL HOUSING IS BECOMING A SERIOUS PROBLEM IN THIS COUNTRY, PLACES THAT HAVE EXPERIENCE — IN PLACES THAT HAVE EXTREMES RAPID ECONOMIC GROWTH AND RURAL AREAS. A QUARTER OF ALL RENTERS ARE NOT CLASSIFIED AS SEVERELY RED BURNT, SPENDING MORE THAN HALF THEIR INCOMES ON RENT. WITH AFRICAN-AMERICANS AND SENIORS BEING ESPECIALLY HARD-HIT. HOW WILL YOU ADDRESS THIS CRISIS AND AFFORDABLE HOUSING IF YOU ARE ELECTED PRESIDENT? MAYOR WAYNE: THANK YOU FOR YOUR QUESTION, EVEN IN MY OWN CITY THIS IS A TOUGH SITUATION, ESPECIALLY NOT EVEN AFFORDABLE HOUSING, JUST FOR WORKFORCE HOUSING THERE IS A PROBLEM AND WHAT WE CALL OBTAINABLE HOUSING. WE HAVE TO BE INTENTIONAL ABOUT OUR PROGRAMS. IN THE STATE OF FLORIDA, IN REAL ESTATE CLOSINGS WE HAVE A SADOWSKI TRUST FUND, WERE A REAL ESTATE CLOSING WITH A CERTAIN PERCENTAGE GOES INTO A TRUST FUND TO BE INVESTED INTO AFFORDABLE HOUSING. BUT THE STATE OF FLORIDA COLLECTS ABOUT $300 MILLION PER YEAR IN THIS FUND. AND EVERY YEAR IT IS SWEPT IN THE LEGISLATIVE SESSION TO GO TO THE GENERAL FUND TO FUND OTHER PRIORITIES TO THE TUNE OF OVER A COUPLE BILLION DOLLARS SINCE THE INCEPTION OF THE FUND. IT SHOULD BE DEDICATED TO HOUSING. THAT COULD HELP MY CITY. I THINK AS PRESIDENT WE WOULD MAKE THESE IRREVOCABLE COMMITMENT TO MAKE SURE THIS DOES NOT GO TO CAUSES OUTSIDE OF HOUSING. WE HAVE TO HAVE THE COMMITMENT IN OUR COMMUNITIES, BECAUSE WE COULD NOT HAVE CITIES, RURAL OR URBAN, WERE ONLY THE WELL-OFF CAN AFFORD TO LIVE IN THE PLACES WHERE WE WORK. WE MUST CONTINUE TO HAVE THE COMMITMENT AND THE FUNDING SOURCES TO BE COMMITTED TO ENSURE THAT EVERYONE HAS A DECENT PLACE TO RESIDE. >> THANK YOU VERY MUCH. ADAM: A QUICK FOLLOW-UP, HOW INVOLVED SHOULD THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IN THE HOUSING MARKET? SOME CONTEND THAT INVOLVEMENT WORKS THINGS IN THE WRONG WAY. MAYOR WAYNE: ON THE FEDERAL LEVEL I’M NOT SAYING THERE SHOULD BE REGULATIONS DOWN TO THE ACTUAL ALLOCATION OF THE FUNDING. I THINK MAKING THE FUNDING AVAILABLE, AND REWARDING THOSE STATES AND MUNICIPALITIES THAT HAVE THE BEST PROGRAMS TO MEET THE NEED OF HOUSING IN THOSE COMMUNITIES SHOULD BE AWARDED THAT FUNDING. I THINK WHEN YOU LET THE CREATIVITY OF LOCAL INVESTORS AND COMMUNITIES TO SOLVE THEIR LOCAL CHALLENGES, AND THAT’S BEING A MAYOR, THESE ARE THE HOME RULE ISSUES THAT WE FIGHT FOR AND STRIVE FOR. WHEN THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT WORKS WITH LOCAL GOVERNMENT, AND GIVES LOCAL GOVERNMENT THE AUTONOMY TO SOLVE ITS ISSUES, THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT KNOWS WHAT WORKS FOR THEM AND THEIR RESPECTIVE COMMUNITY. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT SHOULD NOT BE TELLING LOCAL CITIES WHAT TO DO WITHOUT THE PROPER RESOURCES. PROVIDE THE RESOURCES IN THE LOCAL COMMUNITY CAN SOLVE THEIR CHALLENGES, I’M CONVINCED OF THAT. ADAM: OUR NEXT QUESTION COMES FROM CAROLYN. >> I’M IN THE GROUP THAT YOU CALL SENIORS, MEANING I’M ON MEDICARE. I HAVE TO PAY MY MEDICARE PREMIUM, MY PART D PREMIUM, AND ALSO SUPPLEMENT. UNFORTUNATELY, A LOT OF CANDIDATES ARE DOING MEDICARE FOR ALL FOR FREE. AND A LOT OF THE YOUNG VOTERS, PEOPLE UNDER 65 FEEL THAT 1% IS GOING TO PAY FOR THE REST OF THEIR MEDICAL BILLS. WHERE DO YOU STAND ON HEALTH CARE? MAYOR WAYNE: THANK YOU FOR YOUR QUESTION. AS I MENTIONED EARLIER I THINK ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE IS A CIVIL RIGHT. THERE HAS BEEN A LOT OF DISCUSSION ABOUT MEDICARE FOR ALL, I THINK THAT’S A PLAUSIBLE SOLUTION BECAUSE IT IS SOMETHING THAT EXISTS AND PEOPLE CAN TOUCH AND FEEL IT AND THAT IT PROVIDES HEALTH CARE FOR AMERICANS. I THINK MY POSITION IS A LITTLE DIFFERENT THAN WHAT YOU ARE HEARING FOR EVERYONE, I THINK IN A PERFECT WORLD, A SINGLE-PAYER PROCESS OR UNIVERSAL HEALTH CARE WOULD BE THE BEST SOLUTION. BUT WE KNOW IN THIS CLIMATE AND THIS WASHINGTON ENVIRONMENT, COMING FROM WHERE WE ARE NOW WITH THE AFFORDABLE CARE ACT TO UNIVERSAL HEALTH CARE IS A LARGE LEAP. I BELIEVE THAT THOSE INDIVIDUALS WHO DO NOT HAVE ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE CAN BE BROUGHT INTO THE MEDICARE SYSTEM. BUT I ALSO BELIEVE IN CHOICE. IF YOU ARE YOUNG AMERICAN, OR MAYBE A SENIOR AMERICAN, AND YOU HAVE AN EMPLOYER-PROVIDED OR PRIVATE PROVIDED INSURANCE PLAN, THAT YOU LIKE, YOU LIKE YOUR DOCTOR AND YOU LIKE YOUR PLAN, YOU SHOULD BE ABLE TO KEEP THAT. BUT THOSE WHO MAY HAVE INSURANCE FROM AN EMPLOYER OR PRIVATE INSURANCE THAT DOES NOT LIKE IT AND WANTS TO MOVE OVER AND BRING THEIR PREMIUMS OVER TO THE MEDICARE PLAN, I THINK SHOULD BE ABLE TO DO THAT. I THINK THAT APPROACH WILL NOT ONLY PROVIDE EXCEPTIONAL HEALTH CARE FOR THOSE WHO DO NOT WANT TO MAKE A CHANGE AND THEY CHOOSE TO STAY WHERE THEY ARE BECAUSE THEY ARE HAPPY WITH WHAT THEY HAVE, BUT IT ALSO CAPTURES THE INDIVIDUALS WHO DO NOT HAVE ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE, OR PERHAPS WANT TO GO TO THE GOVERNMENT PROGRAM. SOME PEOPLE MAY CALL THAT GRADUALISM, I JUST SAY IT’S A PRACTICAL APPROACH TO INCLUDING THOSE WHO DO NOT HAVE INSURANCE WHILE NOT DISRUPTING THOSE INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE HAPPY WITH LATER — WITH THEIR CURRENT PLAN. I THINK IT’S A PRACTICAL SOLUTION WITH THE FIRST STEP AS WE WORK TOWARDS GETTING TO UNIVERSAL HEALTH CARE SOLUTION. ADAM: THE NEXT QUESTION COMES FROM LAUREN, FROM DURHAM. >> THANK YOU FOR BEING HERE, I’M MARRIED TO LOCAL GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL AND I APPRECIATE HOW DIFFICULT YOUR JOB IS. MY QUESTION HAS TO DO WITH THE JUDICIARY. AS WE HAVE SEEN, THE HEAD OF THE SENATE HAS BLOCKED APPOINTMENTS AND THE ABILITY FOR PEOPLE TO EVEN CONSIDER NOMINATIONS, NOT JUST AT THE SUPREME COURT LEVEL BUT THE LOWER COURTS. WHAT WOULD YOU DO TO PROTECT THE JUDICIARY? MAYOR WAYNE: MANY FOLKS ARE ASKING CANDIDATES WILL YOU STACK THE COURT? INCREASE THE NUMBER OF SUPREME COURT JUSTICES? I THINK THE COURT HAS ALREADY BEEN STACKED. PRESIDENT OBAMA WAS DENIED HIS APPOINTMENT AND I THINK THAT’S A TRAVESTY. AND IT’S THE POLIT IS THAT IF THE REPUBLICANS WANT TO PLAY THAT GAME WHILE I’M THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, THEN I WILL DEFEND THE RIGHT SO THAT I CAN MAKE MY APPOINTMENTS TO THE SUPREME COURT, TO ENSURE THAT THERE IS A BALANCE ON THE SUPREME COURT. WHAT HAS HAPPENED NOW IS THE STACKING THAT HAS ALREADY TAKEN PLACE. YOU DON’T HAVE TO EXTEND OR EXPAND THE NUMBER OF JUSTICES, REPUBLICANS HAVE DONE THAT JUST FROM THEIR ACTIONS, OR LACK OF IN OBAMA ASKED — PRESIDENT OBAMA’S CASE. I THINK WE SPEAK TRUTH TO POWER TO WHAT HAPPENED, AND THAT’S WHY THESE QUESTIONS ARE COMING FORWARD. BUT I WILL NOT SIT BACK IDLY AND LET A REPUBLICAN MAJORITY SENATE DICTATE WHO SHOULD BE APPOINTED TO THE SUPREME COURT WHILE I’M PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. ADAM: FOLLOWING UP ON THAT, SOME CANDIDATES HAVE COME OUT AND SAID THEY SUPPORT A LITMUS TEST ON ABORTION FOR SUPREME COURT JUSTICE NOMINEES OR JUDICIAL NOMINEES, WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT THAT? MAYOR WAYNE: I THINK IT’S VERY DANGEROUS IF A PARTICULAR SUPREME COURT JUSTICE CANDIDATE OR POTENTIAL NOMINEE WOULD WANT TO REVERT WHAT HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED LAW. AS IT SPECIFICALLY RELATES TO ROE V. WADE AND ABORTION. THAT IS SETTLED LAW. AS PRESIDENT I WILL DEFEND TO THE FACT THAT THAT IS SETTLED LAW. I WOULD SPEC TO ANY NOMINEE TO COME FROM — EXPECT ANY NOMINEE FROM THE MESSAM AND MENSTRUATION TO RESPECT THE CONSTITUTION AND TO KEEP AND HOLD TRUE — THE MAXIM ADMINISTRATION TO RESPECT THE CONSTITUTION KEEP AND HOLD TRUE THE LAW. ADAM: AS WE SEE STATES MOVE TOWARDS A LEGAL FRAMEWORK DESIGNED TO CHALLENGE ROE V. WADE, WHAT CAN PRESIDENTS DO? MAYOR WAYN HAVE AN ATTORNEY GENERAL AND JUSTICE DEPARTMENT THAT WILL DEFEND OUR LAWS. CURRENTLY THAT IS THE LAW OF THE LAND. WE HAVE AN ADMINISTRATION LIKE THE CURRENT ADMINISTRATION THAT IS BASICALLY PROVIDING AN ENVIRONMENT TO CHALLENGE WHAT HAS BEEN SET AS ESTABLISHED LAW. THAT’S A PROBLEM. AS PRESIDENT IT’S IMPORTANT THAT WHO YOU HAVE IS AN ATTORNEY GENERAL, AND TO UNDERSTAND THAT THE ATTORNEY GENERAL IS THE ATTORNEY GENERAL FOR THE AMERICAN PEOPLE AND NOT MY ADMINISTRATION, AS WE ARE SEEING RIGHT NOW IN WASHINGTON. ADAM: A SOCIAL MEDIA QUESTION FROM DAMIEN MCCONNELL, PLEASE ASK WHEN YOUR VIEWS ON TRANSIT QUALITY — TRANS EQUALITY. MAYOR WAYNE: IN TERMS OF TRANS EQUALITY AND LGTBQ RIGHTS, WE SHOULD BE A NATION OF ACCEPTANCE, A NATION THAT WELCOMES INDIVIDUALS TO LIVE THEIR TRUTH, THEIR LIVES, IN THE WAY THAT THEY WANT TO LIVE THEIR LIVES. YOU DON’T HEAR THIS A LOT FROM DEMOCRATS, BUT I’M A CHRISTIAN. THE ONE THING I KNOW IS THAT MY BIBLE TEACHES ME THAT IF THERE IS ONE THING THAT MY GOD DOES NOT MAKE ME DO WAS THAT HE DOES NOT FORCE ME TO SERVE HIM. SO WHY SHOULD I FORCE AND SAY MY RELIGIOUS MAYOR LEIF — BELIEF — RELIGIOUS BELIEF ON THE AMERICAN PEOPLE? THAT’S A PRIVATE ISSUE. IF IT’S A RELIGIOUS ISSUE, OR YOU SEE A PERSON IDENTIFYING AS THEIR SEXUALITY, OR THEIR SENSE OF BEING, THAT HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH ANOTHER PERSON. THAT IS THAT PERSON’S CHOICE. THEY SHOULD HAVE FREE REIGN IN FREE ABILITY TO LIVE THEIR LIVES WITHOUT DISCRIMINATION. ADAM: OUR NEXT QUESTION COMES FROM DAN. >> I ADMIRE YOUR SUCCESS ON AND OFF THE FIELD, I WANT TO ASK ABOUT THIS NEW FIELD YOU’RE PLAYING IN, THERE WAS A REFERENCE TO YOUR STATEMENT THAT I DO NOT COMPARE MYSELF TO THE OTHER MAYOR WHICH YOU REFERENCED EARLIER. WHEN RECENTLY ASKED TO CLARIFY HIS CHARTER SCHOOLS, HE SAID THAT THEY HAVE A PLACE AND HE FOLLOWED THAT UP WITH HIS CONCERN ABOUT PUBLIC SCHOOL DIVESTMENT. AT THIS POINT IN TIME, COULD YOU CLEARLY EXPLAIN YOUR PLAN FOR EDUCATION FUNDING AND HOW THAT MAY IMPACT MANCHESTER SCHOOL DISTRICTS, THE LARGEST IN THE STATE? MAYOR WAYNE: I THINK IN GENERAL EVERY AMERICAN CHILD SHOULD HAVE THE BEST EDUCATION POSSIBLE. IN THE WORLD. >> NO DISAGREEING HERE. MAYOR WAYNE: WITH THAT STATED, ALL THE ESSAY THE EVOLUTION OF EDUCATION HAS GONE FROM PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEMS AND PRIVATE SCHOOLS AND CHARTERS, AS WELL AS NOT-FOR-PROFIT SCHOOLS. I SUPPORT THE FULL FUNDING OF PUBLIC EDUCATION. I DO NOT SUPPORT ANY POLICY OR ANY FUNDING RECOMMENDATIONS THAT WILL TAKE ONE CENT AWAY FROM THE FULL FUNDING OF PUBLIC EDUCATION. I HAVE NOTHING AGAINST CHARTER SCHOOLS OR PRIVATE SCHOOLS, AND I’M NOT EVEN SAYING THAT CHARTER SCHOOLS CANNOT GET PUBLIC FUNDING. ALL I’M SAYING IS THAT PUBLIC SCHOOLS SHOULD NEVER BE AT THE MERCY, OR BE SACRIFICIAL LAMBS IN TERMS OF FUNDING AS IT RELATES TO FUNDING OTHER FORMS AND OPTIONS OF EDUCATION. ADAM: THANK YOU, A QUICK FOLLOW-UP MR. MAYOR. IN FLORIDA THERE’S A HUGE DEBATE GOING ON IN SOME OF YOU MAY BE AWARE OF THIS IN POST PARKLAND, THE IDEA OF DISCIPLINE AND IF THE SHOOTER IN THAT CASE, THERE’S A BIG DEBATE AROUND THE SCHOOL TO PRISON PIPELINE AND HOW THAT CASE WAS HANDLED. FROM YOUR PERSPECTIVE, IN FLORIDA, WHERE HE SENT ON THE ISSUE OF SCHOOL DISCIPLINE AND WHAT TO DO WITH STUDENTS WHO ARE DIVERTED INTO PRISON AND THEIR LIVES ARE CHANGED FOR THE WORSE, BUT THEN YOU HAVE THESE OTHER SITUATIONS WHERE THERE ARE PEOPLE WHO NEED DISCIPLINARY ACTION AND DID NOT GET IT IN THE CASE OF PARK. WHERE DO YOU STAND ON THAT? — OF PARKLAND. WHERE DO YOU STAND ON THAT? MAYOR WAYNE: THIS IS WHERE YOU SEE DISPARITIES IN TERMS OF DISCIPLINE. ROBERT RUNCIE IS THE SUPERINTENDENT FOR BROWARD SCHOOLS, IS THE SIX LARGEST SCHOOL DISTRICT IN THE NATION — IT IS THE SIX LARGEST SCHOOL DISTRICT IN THE NATION. IT WAS ONE OF THE HIGHEST SCHOOL DISTRICTS FROM PIPELINE FROM CLASSROOM TO JAIL AND HE CHANGED THAT WITH HIS POLICIES AND PROGRAMS, WHERE KIDS WERE GRADUATING FROM SCHOOL, NOT GOING TO JAIL, AND IT WAS A GREAT PROGRAM. I THINK THE PROGRAM IMPLEMENT IT IN BROWARD COUNTY WAS MISREPRESENTED IN TERMS OF WHY THAT SHOOTER DID WHAT HE DID IN PARKLAND. IN OTHER SCHOOL DISTRICTS THAT ARE GOOD PROGRAMS. WHAT THESE PROGRAMS DO IS PREVENT STUDENTS, SPECIFICALLY STUDENTS OF COLOR, FROM BEING UNNECESSARY INCARCERATED, SCARRED FOR THE REST OF THEIR LIVES FOR EITHER JUVENILE MISTAKES THAT ARE INTERPRETED AS CRIMINAL, AND HAVE NOW IMPACTED AND IMPAIRED THAT INDIVIDUAL’S ABILITY TO SERVE IN OUR MILITARY, GET A JOB, THEY HAVE TO CHECK THE BOX AND IN THE CITY OF MIRAMAR WE BEEN CHECKING THE BOX ON APPLICATIONS. WHICH IS A QUESTION THAT ASKS IF YOU HAVE BEEN ARRESTED AND BASICALLY DISQUALIFIES YOU, THEY WILL NOT EVEN LOOK AT YOUR QUALIFICATIONS. AND IT’S IMPORTANT THAT WE HAVE THAT CULTURAL AND DIVERSITY SENSITIVITY, THAT THINGS ARE DIFFERENT. A BLACK BOY AND A BLACK GIRL, A LOT OF TIMES ARE NOT TREATED THE SAME AS THEIR PEERS. IT’S JUST A FACT. IN THESE DIVERGENT PROGRAMS ALLOW A STOPGAP TO BE ABLE TO PREVENT THOSE TYPES OF SITUATIONS. OR PERHAPS A KID JUST MAKES A MISTAKE. GOD KNOWS I NEED MISTAKES GROWING UP. SOMETIMES, IF WE’RE HONEST, IT’S JUST THAT PERHAPS HE DID NOT GET CAUGHT BY THE TEACHER DOING SOMETHING. IF WE ARE IN A COUNTRY THAT BELIEVES IN A SECOND CHANCE, I THINK WERE BETTER OFF. AND THESE DIVERSION PROGRAMS GIVE KIDS A SECOND CHANCE AND THAT’S WHAT THEY ARE, KIDS. IF THERE ARE INDIVIDUALS WHO HAVE CREATED CRIMES IN SCHOOL, THEY SHOULD BE DEALT WITH APPROPRIATELY. BUT OFTEN AT LITTLE MISTAKES — IT IS LITTLE MISTAKES THAT RUIN A KIDS LIFE, AND I WOULD SUPPORT PROGRAMS THAT WOULD PROVIDE OPTIONS FOR KIDS TO BE EDUCATED WELL, TO CHALLENGE THEM TO BE PROBLEM SOLVERS AND PRODUCERS. BECAUSE QUITE FRANKLY OUR EDUCATION SYSTEM IS NOT PREPARING US FOR THE GIG ECONOMY. IT’S NOT PREPARING FOR US TO REMAIN AN ECONOMIC POWER. WHEN WE HAVE TO IMPORT PROGRAMMERS FROM OTHER COUNTRIES WHILE WE HAVE KIDS WHO ARE DELINQUENT, OUR ELECTORAL PROCESS WAS CHALLENGED FROM A CYBERSECURITY STANDPOINT. WE ARE GETTING CYBER THREATS ON OUR MILITARY SYSTEMS, OUR FINANCIAL SYSTEMS, OUR MEDICAL SYSTEMS, WE NEED TO BE TRAINING HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF PROGRAMMERS JUST TO DEFEND OUR DATA SYSTEMS. AS PRESIDENT, THESE WOULD BE FOCUSES OF MINE. IN FACT, WE WILL BE INVESTING IN EVERY HIGH SCHOOL CHILD TO BE AN ENTREPRENEUR. WHETHER THEY ARE GOING TO START A BUSINESS THEMSELVES OR NOT, THEN AT LEAST THEY HAVE THE SKILL SETS TO KNOW THAT ON GOING TO BRING AN ENTREPRENEURIAL MINDSET TO MY EMPLOYER. OR IF I WORK 10 YEARS I CAN TAKE — AND USE THE SKILLS AND RESOURCES THAT I GOT WITH AN EMPLOYER TO START MY OWN BUSINESS. AUTOMATION, VIRTUALIZATION, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IS REDEFINING THE DEFINITION OF WORK AND THE WORKFORCE IS NOT PREPARED. WE NEED TO MAKE SURE THAT WE ARE INVESTING IN YOUR CHILDREN AND YOUR GRANDCHILDREN, TO MAKE SURE THAT THEY CAN MAKE MONEY FOR THEMSELVES WHILE SOLVING OUR PROBLEMS. NOT ONLY OUR PROBLEMS, BUT THE WORLD’S PROBLEMS. CREATING NEW JOBS. RIGHT NOW, IF YOU ARE A CHILD, OR AN UBER DRIVER, IN A FEW YEARS THEY ARE GOING TO BE RELEASING OF AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES. WHAT WILL HAPPEN TO THE MILLIONS OF DRIVERS? WE SHOULD NOT FEAR THAT. SOMEONE HAS TO PROGRAM THEM, WE SHOULD SERVICE THIS NEW INDUSTRY. SOMEONE HAS TO SERVICE THEM ON THE STREET, SOMEONE EVEN HAS TO CLEAN THEM AFTER SOMEONE GETS IN AFTER A PARTY AND THEY RELIEVE THEMSELVES IN THERE. THAT’S A BUSINESS. IF WE ARE TEACHING OUR KIDS TO BE ENTREPRENEURIAL MINDED, THAT WHEN DISPLACEMENT AND DISRUPTION AND EMPLOYMENT TAKES PLACE, THAT THEY ARE EMPOWERED AND HAVE THE SKILL SETS TO BE ABLE TO MAKE A LIVING FOR THEMSELVES AND THEIR FAMILIES. ADAM: YOU SPEAK OF ENTREPRENEURIAL — ENTREPRENEURS , IS THERE ANYTHING YOU THINK DEMOCRATS GET WRONG ABOUT BEING A BUSINESS OWNER IN DEALING WITH BUSINESS AS A BUSINESS OWNER YOURSELF? MAYOR WAYNE: IT’S ANOTHER THING THAT SPEAKS TO MY UNIQUENESS AS A CANDIDATE. I’M A BUSINESS OWNER. I’M A DEMOCRAT AND BLEED BLUE. AND I LOVE TO MAKE MONEY AS A BUSINESS OWNER BECAUSE I NEED TO MAKE MONEY TO HIRE THE BEST EMPLOYEES, SO I CAN PAY THEM PROPERLY, SO THEY CAN TAKE CARE OF THEIR FAMILIES. I DON’T CONCEDE THAT CREATING JOBS IS A REPUBLICAN LANE. BECAUSE I’M A DEMOCRAT WHO WAS A MAYOR WHO OWNS A BUSINESS AND WHO LOVES TO MAKE MONEY, BUT I PASS A LIVING WAGE IN MY CITY BECAUSE I BELIEVE OUR EMPLOYEE SHOULD NOT HAVE TO WORK TWO OR THREE JOBS TO MAKE ENDS MEET. I BROUGHT OVER 5000 JOBS TO OUR CITY AND I’M AVERAGING OVER $70,000 A YEAR ON THOSE JOBS. I KNOW HOW TO CREATE JOBS. I KNOW HOW TO START A BUSINESS. I HAVE A CLIMATE CONSCIOUS BUSINESS THAT HELPS BUILD — HELP BUILD ONE OF THE GREENEST ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS IN AMERICA. I WILL WORK HARD NOT ONLY TO CREATE JOBS, BUT TO PREPARE OUR PEOPLE IN OUR FUTURE GENERATION ON HOW TO BECOME ENTREPRENEURS, SO THAT WE CAN PRAY MORE DOERS, INVENTORS, TO INSPIRE THIS COUNTRY TO DO GREAT THINGS. THIS ENTIRE CANDIDACY FOR THE NOMINATION HAS TALKED ABOUT RESTORING AMERICA TO SOME FORM OF NORMALCY SINCE TRUMP HAS BEEN ELECTED. BUT THE LAST I CHECKED WAS THAT NORMALCY BEFORE TRUMP WASN’T WORKING FOR EVERY AMERICAN. WE NEED TO BE SHOOTING MUCH HIGHER. I WANT OUR COUNTRY TO DREAM AGAIN, TO BE INSPIRED, TO NOT JUST BE THE GREAT THAT TRUMP TALKS ABOUT, BUT TO BE BEYOND THAT WORD. BECAUSE WE HAVE THE ASSETS, THE RESOURCES, AND THE AMERICAN PEOPLE THAT CAN MAKE IT HAPPEN. ADAM: A FINAL QUESTION AND WE ASK THIS OF MAYOR PETE BUTTIGIEG, IS THERE A PROJECT GOING ON IN YOUR CITY THAT YOU WILL HATE TO WALK AWAY FROM THAT YOU WANT TO SEE FINISHED? MAYOR WAYNE: WELL, I WOULD SAY IN OUR HISTORIC SIDE OF TOWN, WE WERE FOUNDED IN 1955, WERE RELATIVELY YOUNG. BUT ON THE HISTORIC SIDE OF TOWN, THE SIDE THAT KEPT THE CITY PROMPTED UP AS WE GREW, WE WERE ONE OF THE FASTEST GROWING CITIES IN THE COUNTRY AT ONE POINT, WE ARE PUTTING IN A NEW WATER TREATMENT PLANT, NOR STORY — NEW STORM SEWERS IN OUR CITY, NEW WATER DISTRIBUTION AND WE ARE REVITALIZING THE STORY DOWNTOWN MIRAMAR. THAT’S AN AREA THAT’S BEEN NEGLECTED OVER THE YEARS. I RAN FOR OFFICE TALKING ABOUT LET’S BRING UP HISTORIC MIRAMAR. WE HAVE MADE SO MUCH PROGRESS IN THE AREA AND THAT WOULD BE SOMETHING THAT EVEN FROM THE OVAL OFFICE I WOULD WANT TO KEEP MY EYE ON AND MAKE SURE THAT IT’S DONE RIGHT. ADAM: THANK YOU FOR JOINING US FOR CONVERSATION WITH THE CANDIDATE, THANK YOU FOR WATCHING IT HAVE A GREAT EVENING.

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‘Conversation with the Candidate’ with Wayne Messam: Online exclusive

Democratic presidential candidate Wayne Messam joins Adam Sexton for the latest installment of the “Conversation with the Candidate” series. In this portion available only online, see a continued question-and-answer segment involving Messam and the voters.

Democratic presidential candidate Wayne Messam joins Adam Sexton for the latest installment of the “Conversation with the Candidate” series. In this portion available only online, see a continued question-and-answer segment involving Messam and the voters.

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Things To Do Around Town – May 24, 2019

Things To Do Around Town – May 24, 2019

Every Monday: TOPS Meeting
5:30-6:30 p.m. Atlantic General Hospital, Berlin. Take Off Pounds Sensibly is a support group promoting weight loss and maintaining a healthy life-style.410-641-0157.

Every Monday: Delmarva Chorus Meeting
7 p.m. Ocean Pines Community Center. Women of all ages invited to sing with the group. 410-641-6876.

Second Monday Of Month: Ocean Pines Camera Club
7 p.m. Ocean Pines branch library. Monthly get-together to share photos, tips, programs. Group goes on a photo shoot the Saturday following meeting and hosts a hands-on workshop the last Thursday of each month. Professional and amateur photographers and new members welcome. Meets second Monday of each month.

Every Tuesday: TOPS Meeting
5:30-7 p.m. Worcester County Health Center, 9730 Healthway Dr., Berlin. Take Off Pounds Sensibly is a support and educational group promoting weight loss and healthy lifestyle. jeanduck47@gmail.com.

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Third Tuesday: Alzheimer’s Support Group
11 a.m.-12:30 p.m. Berlin Nursing and Rehabilitation Center, 9715 Healthway Dr., Berlin. Free caregivers group. 410-629-6123.

Every Wednesday: Delmarva Hand Dance Club
Dance To Sounds of ’50s And ’60s Music
5:30-9 p.m. Ocean City Elks Lodge, 13708 Sinepuxent Ave. $5 donation per person to benefit veterans and local charities in the Delmarva region. All are welcome. dance@delmarvahanddancing.com or http://delmarvahanddancing.com. 410-208-1151.

Second Wednesday: Polish American Club
Of Delmarva Meeting
2-4 p.m. Columbus Hall. Anyone of Polish or Slavic descent is welcome. No meetings June, July, August. 410-723-2639 or 410-250-2548.

Every Thursday: Beach Singles
45 Plus, happy hour 4-7 p.m., Clarion Hotel, 10100 Coastal Hwy., Ocean City. 302-436-9577, 410-524-0649, beachsingles.org.

Second Thursday: Ocean Pines Garden Club
10 a.m. Ocean Pines Community Center. Visitors and new members welcome.

Every Friday: Knights Of Columbus #9053 Bingo
Doors open at 5 p.m., bingo at 6:30 p.m. 9901 Coastal Hwy., Ocean City. Possible to win the $1,000 big jackpot each week. 410-524-7994.

Every Friday: FORGE Contemporary Youth
And Family Ministry
6:30-8:30 p.m. FORGE Center, 7804 Gumboro Rd., Pittsville. Designed for kids ages 5-65, the program provides a meal, music, games, activities and a life lesson that can be of use to anyone. Christian-based program but does not require the practice of faith to attend. 443-366-2813.

First Saturday Of Month: Writers Group
10 a.m.-noon. Berlin branch, Worcester County Library. Anyone interested in writing is invited to join the group and share a story, poem or essay or just come and enjoy listening to others. This is a free activity. New members are always welcome. The group is comprised of amateur as well as professional, published writers willing to share their knowledge and offer tips on being creative with words.

Every Sunday Now Through Sept. 29:
Berlin Farmers Market
9 a.m.-1 p.m. Producers-only market featuring locally handmade or grown products. More than 20 vendors including fresh fruits and veggies, baked goods, seafood, poultry, farm-fresh eggs, organic goods, wood working, beauty products and much more. Live music by local artists, kids crafts and a petting zoo. Berlin Welcome Center: 410-973-2051.

May 25: Book Launch And Signing
Noon-3 p.m. The Greyhound, an indie book store in Berlin. Local writer and Maryland Writers Association member Frank E. Hopkins signing his new novel, The Billion Dollar Embezzlement Murders. 301-335-7795.

May 25: Steak Dinner
3-7 p.m. American Legion 123, 10111 Old Ocean City Blvd., next to Rite Aid, Berlin. Public welcome. Dinner includes 14-oz. Porterhouse steak, baked potato, salad, dinner roll for $16. Pre-order required. Call Don at 410-600-5294 or Ray at 410-215-9354 for tickets or pick them up from the legion bartender.

May 25: All-You-Can-Eat Fried Chicken Buffet
3-6 p.m. Sound United Methodist Church, Route 54, Williamsville, Del. Adults: $15; children: $8. Carry-out available. Bake sale.

May 25: Artisans Fair Craft Show
9 a.m.-3 p.m. Lord Baltimore Elementary School, Route 26, Ocean View, Del. Artisans will exhibit both indoors and outdoors, showing textiles, metal work, fine art, glass, jewelry, pottery, photography, woodworking and sculpture. An outside farmers market will offer a variety of produce and specialty foods from 9 a.m.-1 p.m. Other attractions include a raffle auction of artisans’ work, silent auction for two quilts, baked goods, a 50-50 cash raffle and breakfast, lunch and snack items. Free admission and free parking. Proceeds benefit the college scholarship fund of South Coastal Delaware AARP. 302-732-6336.

May 26: Memorial Day Service Sunday
8 a.m. Main Street, Berlin, across from Stevenson United Methodist Church.

May 27: Memorial Day Parade
11 a.m.-5 p.m. Dr. William Henry Park and Multipurpose Building, Flower Street. Parade begins at 11 a.m. from Stephen Decatur Middle School to Henry Park featuring bands, cars, dance and music. The day continues at Henry Park with music, food, vendors and games. Sponsored by the Berlin Community Improvement Association.

May 27: Memorial Day Service
9 a.m. Historic St. Peter’s Episcopal Church, 115 St. Peters St., downtown Salisbury. Begin Memorial Day in prayer and song, as those who died in service to this nation are remembered at the altar. Patriotic hymns will be sung. All are invited to participate. 410-742-5118 or stpeterschurch.net.

May 28: Atlantic Coast Sportfishing Association
7:30 p.m. (please arrive early to gate a seat). Monthly meeting at the Lions Club, Airport Road, West OC. Meet and speak with fellow like-minded recreational fishermen. Two guest speakers who will talk about flounder fishing in the bay and striped bass (rockfish), bluefish. DNR officials will also speak on the Recreational Fishing Forum. Guests are welcome to bring a friend. smitty3894@aol.com.

May 30: Cash Bingo
Doors open at 5:30 p.m.; games begin at 7 p.m. Salisbury Jaycees, Salisbury Moose Lodge 654, Snow Hill Road, Salisbury. More than $1,500 in prizes. Tickets: $20 in advance, $25 at the door. Table reservations available. Prizes start at $75 per game, with a $150 jackpot. Special bingos, raffles, pull tabs, 50/50 and concessions available. Sponsors are sought for the event. Proceeds benefit Jaycees activities. For tickets, table reservations, sponsorships, email kyle@salisburyjc.com, www.salisburyjc.com or www.facebook.com/salisburyjaycees.

May 31: Most Blessed Sacrament Catholic School
Spring Open House
9-11 a.m. MBS, 11242 Racetrack Rd., Berlin. All are welcome. MBS is a pre-K3 through eighth grade school. 410-2 08-1600.

June 1: Outdoor Flea Market
8 a.m.-noon. Bethany United Methodist Church, 8648 Stephen Decatur Hwy., Berlin (corner of Route 611 and Snug Harbor Road). Breakfast and baked items offered. Thirty-five-plus vendors. Information or spce rental: 410-641-2186 or bethany21811@gmail.com.

June 4: OWL Summit-Older & Wiser Living
9:30 a.m.-1:30 p.m. Sponsored by Peninsula Home Care. Fee health care conference, Shorebirds Stadium Executive Club. OWL Summit attendance, free parking, boxed lunch and door prizes for all attendees. RSVP required by May 30. To register, call 410-543-7550 or visit peninsulahomecare.com.

June 6: Women’s Club Of Ocean Pines Game Party
10 a.m.-2 p.m. Dunes Manor Hotel, Ocean City. Organize a table to play a game of cards with friends or we’ll find a group that needs a player. Munchies and beverages during play, lunch entree from choice of three. Raffles. Cost: $30, payable to WC-OP. Fundraiser to benefit high school scholarship and community donations program. 410-600-0552, 443-397-6121 or soonerkay@gmail.com.

June 7: Dancing Under The Stars
7-10 p.m. Germantown School Community Heritage Center. Join in for a night of blues and jazz, fellowship and fun under the big tent in the spacious yard. Music provided by VT Second Edition, reviving their original band, The Vibratones. Tickets: $25/person. Reservations: 410-641-0638. The Vibratones began at UMES in the early ’60s and played well into the ’70s throughout the Eastern Shore at clubs, graduations and other community and social events. Sure to bring back sweet memories of the musical adventures of the past. This fundraiser benefits ongoing expenses of maintaining this local historical gem built in 1923 to educate African American students in grades one-seven. Many former students will be joining in this event.

Saturdays June 8, July 13, Aug. 10: Chicken Barbecue
8 a.m. until sold out. Berlin Fire Company, Station 2, 8427 Stephen Decatur Hwy., Berlin (across from Frontier Town on Route 611). Half-chicken and a roll: $8. All proceeds benefit Berlin Fire Company.

June 13: Gardens Of Ocean Pines Tour
9 a.m.-noon. Those interested in showcasing their beautiful gardens, large or small, should contact 410-973-1423 or plookner@gmail.com to discuss placing your garden/yard on the tour.

June 15: Willards Volunteer Fire Company BBQ
11 a.m.-3 p.m. Route 346 and Main Street across from Farmers Bank of Willards. Includes half-chicken, two sides, roll and can drink. Price: $10. Ticketholders must have chicken picked up by 11:30 a.m. 410-430-1135.

June 15: Pig Roast
11 a.m.-4 p.m. Abate of Sussex County. 34291 West Line Rd., Selbyville, Del. Pig prepared by Chopper. Rita’s Ice Cream and Empire Trading Post, confederate item by Tom Drummond. Bring your own table to set up for free. $15/adults; $7 for 12 and under. $13 for Abate member with valid card. Porton of proceeds go to the Bike Pac of Delaware. DJ/music, door prizes every hour. Rain date: June 16. 302-732-3429 or 410-251-8699.

June 29: Democratic Club Of Ocean City And Berlin
4-7 p.m. Annual picnic. Fiesta Park, Ocean City. Chicken, salads, desserts and beverages will be served. $15. Reservations: 410-629-9107. Make check payable to DCOCB, mail to DCOCB, P.O. Box 3195, Ocean City, Md. 21843.

June-Sept. 8 Saturdays: Yoga On The Beach
9 a.m. Enjoy low-impact exercise to increase balance, flexibility and reduce stress to the sound of ambient waves. All levels welcome. Free but park entrance fees are in effect. Donations benefit Assateague Island National Seashore. Bring your own beach towel. Meet at the Shade Pavilion in North Beach parking lot, 6633 Bayberry Dr., Berlin.

July 21: Crab Cake Platter Dinner
11 a.m.-1 p.m. Bishopville Volunteer Fie Department Auxiliary, Main Station. One crab cake on a roll, cole slaw, bag of chips, one beverage (water/soda): $12. Pre-orders recommended as there are only 100 platters available. Call or text 619-922-9950 to reserve dinners.

Sept. 7: Walk To End Epilepsy
8 a.m. Boardwalk at the Inlet, Ocean City. Free registration. Join the Epilepsy Foundation Maryland at this nationwide walk to end epilepsy, a fun, family-friendly walk that brings the community together to affect change through care, advocacy, research and education. Features kids’ games, purple tent, scavenger hunt, entertainment. Money raised from the walk helps fund research and awareness, training programs and first aid, as well as improved access stop specialty and supportive care for the more than 60,000 people affected by epilepsy in Maryland. Create a team, sponsor an activity or be a volunteer. Epilepsy.com/Maryland or mwontrop@efa.org.

Equal access, treatment eliminates black-white prostate health disparity

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May 23, 2019, 5:05 PM UTC

By Shamard Charles, M.D.

For African American men, the risk of dying from prostate cancer is the same as that of white men when access to care and treatment are equal, a new study finds.

This casts doubt on the widely held belief that, when it comes to African American prostate health, genetic factors play a larger role than health disparities.

The results of the study were published Thursday in the journal JAMA Oncology.

May 5, 201902:03

“Black men have similar outcomes to white men once they’re diagnosed with prostate cancer, when you account for differences in access to health care and receiving guideline-recommended treatment,” said lead study author Dr. Daniel Spratt, associate professor and vice chair of radiation oncology at the University of Michigan. “In fact, black men, on average, had better outcomes than white men, when looking at patients who enrolled on clinical trials.”

“This data suggests that — although on the population level, more black men die from prostate cancer than white men — this disparity is largely, if not entirely, driven by social constructs and even systematic racial disparities in our country,” Spratt told NBC News. These include less access to health care, insurance, and appropriate and timely treatment.

The University of Michigan researchers led by Spratt and Dr. Robert Dess looked at data from 306,100 men — 54,840 black men — ages 59 to 71 from the Veterans Affairs system and four other clinical trials. When the researchers compared black and white men of similar age, socioeconomic status, and tumor characteristics, such as prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels, stage and grade of cancer — all of which predict the cancer’s aggressiveness — they found that black men had comparable rates of death to white men, when they had similar access to care and standardized treatment.

The new findings underscore the need for equal access to care and treatment.

“When a black man shows up in my clinic [for prostate cancer treatment], I am confident that I can tell him that he will have very similar long-term outcomes … to a white man, in regards to dying of prostate cancer,” Spratt said.

“This study debunks that there is a large genetic driver of stage-for-stage worse prostate cancer outcomes in black men compared [with] white men, and [instead suggests] that previously detected differences are largely, if not entirely, driven by social and cultural factors.”

Socioeconomic factors, for example, could play a role in the disparities seen between black and white men with prostate cancer, said study co-author Dr. Brandon Mahal, a radiation oncologist at Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women’s Cancer Center in Boston who researches prostate cancer.

As Employment Rises, African American Transplants Ride Jobs Wave To The South

Sam Smith, Brittany Smith and their daughter Erelah outside their Charlotte home. The Smiths moved to Charlotte looking for change and opportunity. They are part of an influx of African Americans to Mecklenburg County, where the African American population has ballooned by 64% since 2000. Swikar Patel for NPR hide caption

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Sam Smith, Brittany Smith and their daughter Erelah outside their Charlotte home. The Smiths moved to Charlotte looking for change and opportunity. They are part of an influx of African Americans to Mecklenburg County, where the African American population has ballooned by 64% since 2000.

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Brittany Smith grew up mostly in Detroit, earning a master’s degree in public health from the University of Michigan. But when she and her then-boyfriend, Sam, began their careers, they ran into roadblocks. It was 2013, and Detroit was still struggling from the effects of the Great Recession. Sam Smith couldn’t find full-time work. His job as a college career counselor wrapped when the campus where he worked shut down.

They began looking for an out.

“We were looking at what cities are growing for young professionals, and Charlotte was always one of the top five,” says Smith, now 32.

So they picked up and moved to Charlotte, N.C., where the couple has done well. Two years ago, they bought a custom-built house. They had a daughter, Erelah, who is now 15 months old. Smith just began a new job leading a community outreach team at a health insurance company. She gave up what she calls a dream job at a different health care company because this one pays better and is more challenging. And Sam found work as a university career adviser.

“As much as I love Detroit … I was looking for a change and more opportunity,” Smith says. “And we received some great ones here in Charlotte.”

Brittany Smith and her daughter at their home. The family has flourished in Charlotte. Two years ago, Smith and her husband bought a custom-built house and both found new work opportunities. Swikar Patel for NPR hide caption

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Brittany Smith and her daughter at their home. The family has flourished in Charlotte. Two years ago, Smith and her husband bought a custom-built house and both found new work opportunities.

Swikar Patel for NPR

The Smiths are part of an influx of African Americans to Mecklenburg County, where Charlotte is located. The African American population here has ballooned by 64% since 2000. Some people come from neighboring counties in North and South Carolina, but thousands are from Ohio, New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Illinois, according to Chuck McShane, vice president of business analytics at the Charlotte Regional Business Alliance.

The recovery from the Great Recession has in some ways led to a tiny reversal of the Great Migration.

Other cities in the South also are attracting large numbers of African American newcomers, including Houston; Atlanta; Tallahassee, Fla.; and Columbia, S.C., according to David Harshbarger of the Metropolitan Policy Program at the Brookings Institution.

Throughout much of the 20th century, millions of African Americans left the South to escape racial discrimination, oppression and lack of opportunity, says demographer Jessica Barron of the Frontline Solutions consulting firm in Durham, N.C. They headed toward industrial cities such as Chicago, Detroit and New York for work.

“Opportunities for black folks — the South and that have never been in the same sentence,” Barron says.

“That’s why we got the Harlem Renaissance and Chicago blues. … These are all a part of the story of the first Great Migration,” Barron says.

The Smith family’s neighborhood in Charlotte. Swikar Patel for NPR hide caption

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The Smith family’s neighborhood in Charlotte.

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But now there are new job opportunities in the South. Over the years, as manufacturing has dried up in the Rust Belt, services, tech and finance industries have grown in Southern cities. Some African Americans have started heading back South, a move that dovetails with plentiful job opportunities and more affordable housing.

Barron says migrants tend to arrive with higher education and a broader network of connections than African Americans who remained in places such as North Carolina for generations. Smith, for example, found her job through a business contact.

Upwardly mobile African Americans are benefiting from a job market that for the past two years has been the best ever. Unemployment for African Americans is at 6.7%, and last year it was even lower, marking the lowest rate since the U.S. government began tracking that measure in the 1970s.

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Despite what seems like boom times for African Americans, gaps remain. The low black unemployment rate is still more than double that of white Americans. And in Charlotte, which has seen eight years of job growth, the benefits are also uneven.

“As the tide has risen here, it has not lifted all boats equally,” says Charlotte historian Tom Hanchett, author of Sorting Out The New South City and former staff historian of the Levine Museum of the New South in Charlotte.

Tom Hanchett, a former staff historian at the Levine Museum of the New South, says decades of segregation and redlining have given African Americans in Charlotte fewer opportunities to buy homes and build wealth. Swikar Patel for NPR hide caption

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Tom Hanchett, a former staff historian at the Levine Museum of the New South, says decades of segregation and redlining have given African Americans in Charlotte fewer opportunities to buy homes and build wealth.

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He says decades of segregation and redlining have given African Americans in the city fewer opportunities to buy homes and build wealth. Wealthy newcomers are putting upward pressure on housing prices. And African Americans who lived in the city center are being pushed out to the margins as millennials with higher incomes choose to live in the same neighborhoods.

“This is happening in every American city, and it’s happening very quickly,” Hanchett says. “And nobody has their arms around it. It’s not a centralized, planned thing in any way, and people are trying to figure it out.”

In Charlotte, many African Americans work in industries such as hospitality and retail, where wages have stagnated. That mirrors the national trend, where wages have grown more slowly for them than any other group.

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The city is trying to fix that gap by issuing a $50 million bond to promote affordable housing, and initiating new programs to give local workers the skills they need for jobs in finance and technology. But change is slow.

Don Thomas is on the front lines of that change. In Chicago, he and his wife Monica worked with children in the juvenile justice system until funding for their jobs ended. In Charlotte, he is the community impact director at Leading on Opportunity, an organization devoted to improving economic mobility in the city.

Don Thomas moved to Charlotte from Chicago. He’s now the community impact director at Leading on Opportunity, an organization devoted to improving economic mobility. Swikar Patel for NPR hide caption

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Don Thomas moved to Charlotte from Chicago. He’s now the community impact director at Leading on Opportunity, an organization devoted to improving economic mobility.

Swikar Patel for NPR

The couple bought a home in the Mint Hill suburb. It sits on a half-acre, where their three children and family dog can run around and play freely.

In Chicago, Thomas says, he worried about his children’s safety, especially after he lost a friend in a shooting.

“The gun violence started to come closer to where we were living,” Thomas says. Charlotte feels safer, he says.

Still, the efforts of Charlotte officials and idealistic newcomers can only go so far.

Nicole Muse-Dennis has met some of these new arrivals at Sydney’s Martini and Wine Bar, where she is a manager at night. By day, she teaches special education.

“I’m what I call over-employed,” she says. “I have two jobs and I’m still just trying to make it.”

Nicole Muse-Dennis (center) has two jobs. By day she’s a school teacher, and by night a manager at a bar in Charlotte. Swikar Patel for NPR hide caption

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Nicole Muse-Dennis (center) has two jobs. By day she’s a school teacher, and by night a manager at a bar in Charlotte.

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Muse-Dennis says raising two daughters as a single mom on a teacher’s salary has forced her into a 65-hour workweek.

On a Friday morning, she wakes up at 5 a.m. and walks her dog in the dark before hurrying her daughter to school for a class trip. She grabs an energy drink named Full Throttle on her way out of the house as she braces for a 40-minute drive to work.

“The hard part is just making sure I get up, actually get up in the morning,” she says. “Then making sure I can actually drive there.”

Muse-Dennis talks to her daughter Loralyn Dennis, 10, as they wait for school to open. Muse-Dennis says raising two daughters as a single mom on a teacher’s salary has forced her into a 65-hour workweek. Swikar Patel for NPR hide caption

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Muse-Dennis talks to her daughter Loralyn Dennis, 10, as they wait for school to open. Muse-Dennis says raising two daughters as a single mom on a teacher’s salary has forced her into a 65-hour workweek.

Swikar Patel for NPR

Muse-Dennis owns her townhouse in a middle-class neighborhood called University City. The value of her home has increased in recent years, but her taxes also have inched up.

As Muse-Dennis strains to make a living, Brittany Smith, the Detroit transplant, is not as overextended. Smith and her husband both work good-paying jobs they love, and they have one child. But Smith says she’s lucky. She’s the first in her family to go to college.

“Here I am, a transplant … and I’ve taken advantage of all these opportunities,” Smith says, while feeding her daughter Erelah a pouch of organic sweet potatoes. “Now some of it may be due to I have an education and same for my husband, but also it made … my husband and I … look at ways we can help bridge the gap.”

The structural issues that keep many African Americans unemployed or underpaid are difficult to fix. But a strong economy opens more paths to success for the Smith family and millions of other African Americans who are starting new lives in the South.

The Smith family playing in their Charlotte home. Brittany Smith and her husband both have good-paying jobs. She says she’s lucky. She’s the first in her family to go to college. Swikar Patel for NPR hide caption

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The Smith family playing in their Charlotte home. Brittany Smith and her husband both have good-paying jobs. She says she’s lucky. She’s the first in her family to go to college.

Swikar Patel for NPR