“He and I make different sartorial decisions,” Mr. Obama continued, a joking reference to the Mr. Wiley’s bold clothing choices (he wore a black-and-white patterned suit to the ceremony). “But what we did find was we had certain things in common. Both of us had American mothers who raised us with extraordinary love and support. Both of us had African fathers who were absent in our lives.”
[ Read Holland Cotter’s assessment of the portraits. ]
Mr. Wiley, 40, whose father is Nigerian, was raised along with four siblings in South Central Los Angeles by his African-American mother, who relied on welfare benefits and earnings from the family thrift shop. His mother was present at the Portrait Gallery ceremony, and Mr. Wiley thanked her from the stage, with tears in his eyes.
“We did not have much but she found a way to get paint,” he said. “The ability to picture something bigger than that piece of South Central L.A. — you saw it, you did it, thank you.”
The artist also thanked Mr. Obama “for giving me a chance” and “for giving this nation a chance to experience your splendor.”
Part of what Mr. Obama saw in Mr. Wiley’s work, the former president said, was the capacity to elevate ordinary people to the level of royalty, those “so often out of sight and out of mind.”
“Kehinde lifted them up and gave them a platform and said they belong at the center of American life,” Mr. Obama said. “That was something that moved me deeply, that’s part of what I believe politics should be about — not simply celebrating the high and the mighty and expecting that the country unfolds from the top down but rather that it comes from the bottom up.”
On a lighter note, Mr. Obama said that, while he and Mr. Wiley saw eye to eye on most elements of the painting, there were a number of negotiating points during their two sittings. “I tried to negotiate less gray hair, and Kehinde’s artistic integrity would not allow him to do what I asked,” Mr. Obama said. “I tried to negotiate smaller ears. Struck out on that as well.”
Mr. Wiley tried posing him in settings “with partridges and scepters and thrones,” he said, even “mounting me on horses.”
“I had to explain that I’ve got enough political problems without you making me look like Napoleon,” Mr. Obama said. “You’ve got to bring it down just a touch.”
The former president also thanked Ms. Sherald “for so spectacularly capturing the grace and beauty and intelligence and charm and hotness of the woman that I love.”
Ms. Sherald, in her remarks, paid tribute to Mrs. Obama. “You exist in our minds and hearts in the way that you do because we can see ourselves in you,” she said. “What you represent to this country is an ideal — a human being with integrity, intellect, confidence and compassion. And the paintings I create aspire to express these attributes.”
Among the prominent figures who turned out for the ceremony were Steven Spielberg, the filmmaker, and his wife, the actress Kate Capshaw, who helped fund the commission of the portraits. Also in attendance were several former members of Mr. Obama’s administration, including Eric H. Holder Jr., the former attorney general; David Axelrod, the former senior strategist; Jay Carney, the former press secretary; and Sam Kass, Mr. Obama’s senior policy adviser for nutrition (who sat with his baby in his arms). “We miss you guys,” Mr. Obama told them, in his remarks.
Mr. Wiley’s work often features African-Americans in the regal poses of emperors and kings, his own distinctive riff on historic portraiture. The Obama portrait, too, has its own majesty. But the former president is also depicted in a chair, with his hands crossed and elbows on his knees — a posture of informality and intimacy.
The two men paged through Mr. Wiley’s collection of art history books and thought about “the grand tradition of presidential portraits,” Mr. Wiley said, in an interview after the unveiling. “Then we decided very quickly that we were just going to strike out a path of our own and try to create a type of singular narrative surrounding what this picture looks like — discarding history but also embracing it at once.”
“The narrative had to do with accessibility, the narrative had to do with a language of openness,” Mr. Wiley added. “There were no ties, it’s an open collar, it’s a much more relaxed body language — the sense of repose yet at the same time a kind of radical vigilance in the eyes.”
Ms. Sherald’s portrait of Mrs. Obama similarly conveys a certain casualness. But, dressed in a flowing white patterned gown, the former first lady also projects what Ms. Sherald called “a quiet, strong presence,” one in keeping with Ms. Sherald’s own restrained style.
“You just feel connected to them because they’re so much like you. They just happen to be the first black president and the first black first lady. But other than that, they’re like your mother or your cousin or your dad,” Ms. Sherald said in an interview afterward. “It was great to walk into the Oval Office and to see these brown faces.”
Born in Columbus, Ga., Ms. Sherald waited tables and worked in an unheated studio before having her first solo show in Chicago and becoming the first woman to win the Portrait Gallery’s Outwin Boochever competition. She was diagnosed with congestive heart failure at age 30 — just as she was earning her master’s degree at the Maryland Institute College of Art and received a transplant at 39.
In selecting the artists, the Portrait Gallery worked with three advisers: Thelma Golden, the director of the Studio Museum in Harlem; Bill Allman, the former White House curator; and Michael Smith, the Obamas’ White House decorator.
“We’re really trying to engage contemporary artists today to be doing portraits,” said Kim Sajet, the Portrait Gallery’s director, in an interview after the ceremony, “to be thinking about the importance of what portraiture does in communicating with people.”
By choosing two black artists, Ms. Sherald said, the Obamas sent a strong message that people of color and paintings by people of color also belong on museum walls. “Something big happened, something that wasn’t supposed to happen happened: we had our first black president and our first black first lady,” Ms. Sherald said. “Their choices of Kehinde and I represent that.”
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